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Are race and ethnic segretation always a function of social class?

Posted By: Virginia Stead on August 20, 2005
While I commend Dr. Berliner on this compassionate, deeply grounded, and insightful perspective, I would like to invite a bit more thought about the following statement: "Our neighborhoods are highly segregated by social class, and thus, also segregated by race and ethnicity." Indeed, the classic definition of a neighbourhood includes descriptors such as similar income and common values (Chou, 2005). However, the statement that segregation by class always causes segragation "by race and ethnicity "may be somewhat oversimplified. In our increasingly mobile and multicultural society, poor neighborhoods are frequently home to families from multiple ethnic, linguistic, and religious backgrounds (Banks and Banks, 2003, 2004; Cochran-Smith, 2004; Ladson-Billings, 1999; Oakes, 1995; Stead, 2005b), which suggests to this reader that the days of neighborhood segragation based on language and physical characteristics have been replaced by a much more complex mosaic of poverty.


Banks, J. A., & Banks, Cherry A. McGee. (2003). Multicultural Education: Issues and Perspectives (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Banks, J. A., & Banks, C.A.M. (Ed.). (2004). Handbook of research on multicultural education (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cochran-Smith, M. (2004). Walking the road: race diversity, and social justice in teacher education. New York: Teachers College Press.

Ladson-Billings, G. (1999). Preparing teachers for diverse student populations: A critical race theory perspective. In A. D. P. Iran-Nejad (Ed.), Review of Research in Education (Vol. 24, pp. 211-248). Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.

Oakes, J. (1995). Creating new educational communities. Washington, DC: National Society for the Study of Education.

Stead, V. (2005). Equitable Admissions Policies: The Strategic Diversification of Teacher Candidates for the Schools We Have. Paper presented at the Conference on Teacher Education for the Schools We Need, Toronto, ON, Canada.
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 Are race and ethnic segretation always a function of social class? by Virginia Stead on August 20, 2005
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