The Organization and Administration of Teachers College: Professional Standards
by James E. Russell - 1900
Teachers College is not a normal school, neither is it merely a university department of pedagogy. It ranks as a professional school for teachers, and in order to maintain this rank it must maintain University standards. Our present standards would have been impossible only a few years ago, but economic conditions in the educational world are bringing about severe competition among teachers. Time was when any person who had taken the baccalaureate degree could readily find a position in a secondary school, and for many years graduates of normal schools have found unrestricted opportunities for work in the public schools. As things are now there is severe competition for every desirable post. The better class of schools the country over pay fair salaries and insist on getting the best teachers. The fact that the competition for these places is so disagreeably keen is the surest guarantee of a better system of training teachers. An annually increasing number of college graduates learn from experience that the best preparation they can make is none too good for the places they desire to fill. They cannot afford to compete, other things being equal, with those whose preparation has been less expensive than theirs. The only hope of the ambitious collegian is to put himself distinctly above his competitors in his chosen field. He must do as the business man does under analogous circumstances — increase his capital and make ready for a larger business. This is the opportunity of the teachers' colleges. It is precisely this condition of affairs which makes possible for the first time in America a serious consideration of ideal methods of training leaders.
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