Juvenile Achievement as Related to Size
by Howard A. Gray & Leta S. Hollingworth - 1930
CURRENT psychoanalytic theories of motivation state, without offering verifiable evidence, that intellectual superiority arises as a "compensation" for inferiorities of physique.1 This idea, that the successful are those motivated by physical disadvantage, is, however, not of recent origin, but was set forth at least as long ago as 1597 by Francis Bacon,2 who saw deformity as "an advantage to rising," because "whosoever hath anything fixed in his person that doth induce contempt, hath also a perpetual spur in himself to rescue and deliver himself from scorn."
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