“All These People Must Die”: The Ninth Circuit Rules That a School May Expel a Student for Creating a Hit List, Even Though the Student Never Intended for Anyone to See It


by Richard Fossey & Todd A. DeMitchell - December 19, 2019

In McNeil v. Sherwood School District 88J, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals made clear that a school district may expel a student for out-of-school speech that contains threats of violence against other students without violating the First Amendment, even if the student never communicates those threats to anyone.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record, Date Published: December 19, 2019
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 23158, Date Accessed: 8/5/2020 9:13:00 PM

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