Current Patterns of Staff Development
by Kenneth R. Howey & Joseph C. Vaughn - 1983
Incidental to those changes but crucial to the expansion of staff development activities was the practice of tying both salary increments and, in more recent years, various forms of continuing certification to the completion of post-bachelor credits, usually in the form of graduate work. Another common pattern was for teachers to pursue in-service work in a district program that had received state department of education approval as an alternative or complement to graduate courses. Finally, the influence of teachers' organizations in demanding and gaining a voice through collective bargaining in the design and implementation of in-service activities has brought new emphasis to this activity.
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