Experiments on Autocratic and Democratic Atmospheres
by Kurt Lewin - 1938
ARE group actions against scapegoats always organized, or can such a situation arise as spontaneous group action? What .are the conditions of such action and who is predestined to become the scapegoat? How does a democratic or an autocratic atmosphere influence the stability of group structure? What difference does it make whether intensive work is the outcome of strict order or spontaneous interest? The answer to questions such as these is approached experimentally in a study on democracy and autocracy carried out by R. Lippitt at the Iowa Child Welfare Research Station with clubs of ten to eleven year old boys.
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