Juvenile Justice in the Age of Jackson
by Steven L. Schlossman - 1974
This article focuses on the creation of the nation's premier reformatory, the New York House of Refuge, in 1825. That refuge officials looked equally to prisons and public schools as organizational models, or at least as reference points to help explain their objectives, is not surprising. For the institution owed much to two turn-of-the-century reform movements in education and penology which had reached critical stages about the same time that a separate facility for delinquents was seriously proposed.
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