Faculty Perceptions of Clarity in Promotion and Tenure Evaluations
by Julie L. Quimby, Douglas N. Ross & Douglas M. Sanford - August 16, 2006
Evaluation of faculty for promotion and tenure (P&T) has been viewed as a process for expressing institutional values and supporting a school’s mission. Yet, the criteria utilized by departments and colleges to make P&T decisions often are unclear to the faculty, particularly at teaching colleges and universities. We examined faculty perceptions of clarity and fairness in P&T evaluations by surveying 213 full-time faculty members at a public, metropolitan university about their perceptions of the relative importance of teaching, research, and service. Results showed that perceptions of P&T criteria at the department level differed from perceptions of criteria at the college level, and that a disparity existed between perceptions of what faculty believed the actual P&T criteria were and what faculty believed the criteria should be. The discussion includes implications for future research and the improvement of the P&T evaluation process.
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