A Chartered School in a Free Market: The Case of Raleigh Academy, 1801-1828
by Kim Tolley - 2005
To date, there has been little discussion of the historical record of schooling in free-market contexts, although there exists a longstanding precedent for market-based schooling in the form of eighteenth- and nineteenth-century chartered academies and other entrepreneurial private schools. Such schools constituted the dominant form of higher schooling in the United States for well over a hundred years prior to the emergence of public high school systems. For the historian, the records of these institutions provide a fertile ground for the investigation of questions with direct relevance to current debates. What has been the effect of a free market economy on schooling in the past? What can we learn by considering the experiences of community-based schools established during the early nineteenth century?
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