A Manifesto for Instructional Technology: Hyperpedagogy
by Jim Dwight & Jim Garrison - 2003
We believe hypertext and hypermedia solidify bold and original ideas having the power to open new realms of creative possibility. Unfortunately, we find the new tools encrusted within concepts borrowed from traditional curriculum theory and instructional design. Our goal in this paper is to liberate hypertext; doing so requires challenging Western metaphysics. We rely on the philosophy of John Dewey to disclose this metaphysics and propose an alternative. The paper reviews dominant models of curriculum, especially Ralph Tyler’s, revealing their concealed metaphysical assumptions. Our efforts are greatly aided by Herbert M. Kliebard’s critique of the Tyler rationale, exposing the fact that, in spite of its inflated claims, all there is to Tyler’s rationale is ‘‘the philosophical screen.’’ That is also all we think there is to all the dominant models of curriculum. We show that the philosophical screen is largely comprised of a concealed metaphysics before concluding by showing how hypertext and hypermedia, freed of dogmatic metaphysics, may yield what we call hyperpedagogy, based upon theories of emergent pedagogy and transactional metaphysics.
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