An increasingly broad array of cultural and institutional forces are at work creating a new “common sense” of education that maligns or manipulates the corpus of educational research and attacks promising practices and reforms. In addition, a new type of education scholarship has emerged that is delivered in alternative ways, funded through unorthodox sources, motivated by nonacademic purposes, and supported through direct access to media and political organizations, including the federal government. This article examines the details of the new commonsense policy and rhetoric and considers what is being lost and what educators need to do to restore to public education its position of civic and moral leadership in our society.
In this article, we use narrative inquiry to engage in a collaborative project between two White faculty members and three African American graduate students.
There are, in their ultimate analysis, but three primary problems in education. The first is that of how properly to finance a school system. The second is how to secure a trained teaching force for it.
What happened to a professor who made voting a course requirement
This article attempts to clarify service-learning practice and theory by offering four distinct conceptualizations of service learning: technical, cultural, political, and poststructuralist.
Community-higher education-school partnerships should be the
core strategy for improving schools and schooling systems from pre-K
through college. We base our argument on two propositions: 1) committed,
multi-sectoral community partnerships are a prerequisite for
sustained school- and system-wide educational reform, and without
such partnerships, meaningful educational reform will not happen, and
2) sustained, system-wide educational reform requires transforming the
educational system from pre-K through colleges and universities.
Therefore, higher educational institutions must be partners in and
strategic components of sustained, system-wide educational reform.
The next section of this chapter examines sources of dissonance
between research universities and community-based efforts to implement
interprofessional collaboration and comprehensive services.
Subsequent sections describe perspectives on university engagement and examine the unique challenges universities face when engaged in
these collaborative practices. The chapter concludes with ideas about
bridging the gap and bringing the potential power of higher education
more centrally into the emerging interprofessional movement to improve
the lives of children and families in communities across the nation.
An examination of the ways that professors of education have become second-class citizens in higher education and a reaffirmation of their import.
Humorous account of teaching the new generation at the community college level.
This grounded theory of feminist transformation was derived from an institutional and life history approach. A feminist post-structuralist and cultural theoretical perspective were used to investigate the meaning of transformation for nine feminst scholars. Dialogism, as a distinctive feminist meaning-making system and as an emergent discourse for a new generation of academic feminists were salient aspects of this contextual account of institutional transformation.
This paper draws on data from a group case study of women in higher education management in Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand. It investigates culture-specific dimensions of what the Western literature has conceptualized as "glass ceiling" impediments to women's career advancement in higher education.
This study explores the ways that race- and gender-matched role models can provide young people with a greater sense of the opportunities available to them in the world.
The authors use their experience with a professional development project to propose a model of teacher community in the workplace.
This paper looks at the Charter School of Education at California State University Los Angeles and discusses the processes of chartering, the dynamics of such an organizational and cultural change, and the theoretical and practical implications for the reform effort.
This nonlinear, mixed-genre essay presents two interaction patterns found in seminar-style classes whose ritual aspects work to resolve a dilemma contained in the American commitment to individualism. It also addresses the lack of intellectual vitality claimed to exist on many American campuses.
This paper examines the contradictory relationship between higher education's ideal of community and multiculturalism.
The authors consider some issues confronting higher education as a result of the increasing use of new information and communication technologies for online teaching and the increasing globalization of higher education institutions and constituencies.
This article uses critical race theory to examine the current anti-affirmative action political climate and critiques both the call for colorblindness and liberalism’s ineffective defense.
A commentary on the experiences of an African American woman professor in the context of her own mis-education and personal transformation
In this article, we weave the analysis of community within political philosophy
with the stories of undergraduates who experience the daily struggles of
pluralistic community construction as they implement community-building
strategies in a residential college.
Research on national systems of education helps explain the U.S. pattern of schooling. Three interrelated factors continue to shape the present transformation of U.S. higher education: the centrality of status competition, the lack of centralized political authority over schooling, and the loose connection between education and the economy.
The materials from The Condition of Education 1997 nicely document how American higher education is a mass enterprise on its way to being a universal one.
In this chapter we will address the major factors that have led to
the current interest in service-learning in postsecondary education and
illustrate some of the issues and tensions service-learning has presented
as colleges wrestle with various curricular and co-curricular
models. We will examine the relationship between service-learning
and other elements within higher education that have either supported
or impeded the incorporation of a service component into the
Discusses increased demand for higher education among high school students and the consequences of this trend: growth of two-year institutions, an increase in dropout or "stopout" rates among college students, and a probable increase in remedial courses in colleges.
In this chapter we first examine the current state of the art of testing
in light of the call for educational reform and then examine new
initiatives being taken at the Board through an integration of assessment
and teaching. Second, we peek into die future where technology
provides startling possibilities for assessment to enhance individual
learning and personal productivity. Finally, the essay addresses the
counsel of the Board's own history and lays out several of the key
themes that have dominated the last century of admissions testing in
the United States.
A memoir describing the life, work, and accomplishments of Lawrence A. Cremin.
Restructuring faculty rewards to encourage involvement in urban service
The author argues that universities are as well equipped as and more obligated than most other social institutions to listen to, understand, and respond to problems in American society. The author suggests that the great universities of the 21st century will be judged by their ability to help solve the most urgent social problems.
The paper examines the value of university-owned and operated public schools, explaining their effectiveness in addressing acute urban problems.
This article discusses educational reform similar to Benjamin Franklin's original plan for the University of Pennsylvania.