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Policy >> Independent Schools

by Stephanie Zuilkowski, Benjamin Piper & Salome Ong’ele - 2020
This study used primary grade students’ gain scores in English and Kiswahili literacy as well as mathematics to examine whether Nairobi students attending low-cost private schools learned more than students attending government schools. The study also examined whether the gains in low-cost private schools and government schools differed within an intensive pedagogical intervention.

by Ryan Coughlan, Alan R. Sadovnik & Susan F. Semel - 2014
Informal, out-of-school education encompasses a variety of programs existing alongside the founding and growth of public schools. This chapter explores the history of the institutionalization of informal, out-of-school education, including programs offered by religious institutions, social service organizations, cultural institutions, special interest organizations, the media and universities. Access to these programs is neither uniformly offered nor guaranteed, a situation that potentially exacerbates existent inequities.

by Patricia Rufo-Lignos & Craig Richards - 2003
The article examines three schools and explores their governance, organization, finance, ownership, and admissions, characteristics the research literature indicates distinguish public from private schools. The authors demonstrate that there are emerging forms of school organization that are neither clearly public nor private, but of a third hybred type, or quasi-public organization.

by Susan Lloyd - 1991
Describes teacher certification in private schools, noting tension between private schools and state regulations. This article examines experiences with and reactions to state standards by Vermont and Michigan private schools. It discusses alternative teacher certification, alternative student assessment, and teacher professionalism as means of coping with the public-private split.

by Diane Ravitch - 1991
The reputation of private independent schools began improving as Americans started believing that public schools were not living up to their expectations.

by John Esty Jr. - 1991
The future of independent schools lies in how well they perform in the areas where they are unique.

by Pearl Kane - 1991
Consideration of the characteristics that distinguish independent schools from public and other private schools.

by Terrence Deal - 1991
Discusses how private schools differ from public schools, noting how private schools create meaning via cultural attributes and suggesting potential pitfalls in eschewing tradition in response to external pressures. Private schools must understand the balance between tradition and innovation to avoid losing their roots or becoming obsolete.

by Signithia Fordham - 1991
This paper argues that racelessness is a concept that symbolizes efforts to deconstuct historically constituted relationships between African-Americans and whites, including intrusion into the notion of academic adequacy and African-American students' enrollment in private schools. The paper discusses implications of racelessness for African-American students' school performance in private school contexts.

by Bruce Cooper, Donald McLaughlin & Bruno Manno - 1983
Results of a systematic and direct attempt to locate and study private schools in the United States are reported. Considerable effort was spent searching out non-Catholic schools not identified in other surveys. Rapid growth of these schools is discussed, as are implications for public education.

by Peter Gibbon - 1983
The author reviews literature on independent schools. This literature is small compared with its English counterpart, but sufficiently large, sufficiently unknown, and of enough quality and relevance to merit an examination.

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by Philip G. Altbach and Toru Umaskoshi
reviwed by David Pang - 2005

by Gerald Grace
reviwed by Richard Jacobs - 2003

by Diana T. Slaughter, Deborah J. Johnson
reviwed by Linda Mizell - 1991

by Lloyd P. Jorgenson
reviwed by Pearl Kane - 1989

by Daniel C. Levy
reviwed by Thomas James - 1987

by Peter S. Prescott
reviwed by Joseph Segar - 1971

by Peter S. Prescott
reviwed by Caroline Persell - 1998

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  • Review of Educational Research
    Published by the The American Educational Research Association (AERA), RER presents critical, integrative reviews of research literature bearing on education. Such reviews include conceptualizations, interpretations, and syntheses of literature and scholarly work in a field or problem areas.
  • Klingenstein Center for Independent School Education
    The mission of the Klingenstein Center is to improve the quality of independent school education by developing and strengthening leadership among teachers and administrators who work in and with independent schools.
  • Research Papers in Education
    Research Papers in Education has developed a reputation for publishing significant educational research findings of recent years. Up-to-date and authoritative, the journal has given researchers the opportunity to present full accounts of their work; its rationale, findings and conclusions.
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