This research investigates the experiences of educators in one metropolitan high school over the course of one school year. In particular, the research questions include: (1) How is the morale of exceptional urban teachers affected by the contextual factors of a neoliberal school climate? (2) How does their morale relate to teachers’ reports of their pedagogy? Findings share how teachers were making sense of a climate that felt like a “sinking ship” over which they had no control and how a “vicious cycle of disempowerment” influenced the way they believed they were performing in the classroom.
This study used primary grade students’ gain scores in English and Kiswahili literacy as well as mathematics to examine whether Nairobi students attending low-cost private schools learned more than students attending government schools. The study also examined whether the gains in low-cost private schools and government schools differed within an intensive pedagogical intervention.
This paper reports on significant developments in the implementation of college- and career-readiness (CCR) standards using representative survey data across three states as they pertain to students with disabilities (SWD), highlighting significantly different policy attitudes among teachers, principals, and district administrators.
In an attempt to explore innovative models to improve student achievement, close the opportunity gap, and deepen the knowledge and skills of current and future educators, the Washington State Legislature passed a bill in 2012 that created a pilot project called Collaborative Schools for Innovation and Success (CSIS). This introduction describes the processes followed by the site teams as they prepared and then implemented their school improvement goals. It also highlights several broad contributions of the CSIS effort and introduces the articles of the special issue.
The research–practice gap is an enduring problem in the field of education. The gap refers to educational research that is not practice informed, and educational practice that is not research informed. A popular approach to bridge the research–practice gap in education is to build partnerships between schools and universities that are active within the context of a school setting (rather than exclusively in a laboratory school or through college courses).
Washington State’s grant for school–university partnerships provided a large research university and Blakeview Elementary School (pseudonym) an opportunity to engage in a shared visioning process that led to establishing a full-service community school. This article presents a case study of work that was conducted across five years: a planning year and four years of implementation.
Achieving educational social justice requires teachers, administrators, teacher education programs, and community organizations to work together to meet the needs of students and their families as teachers—both novice and experienced—develop the skills and dispositions to teach all children. This case study uses mixed-methods research to analyze how one school-university partnership navigated the challenges inherent in such collaborative work.
Using a mixed-method research design, this case study explores the impact of a six-year partnership between a public K–6 school and two private institutions of higher education. In this article, the partners describe the activities and progress toward stated goals over the life span of the partnership (2012–2018).
This article describes how four teacher education programs took up a legislative initiative to better partner with local schools, families, and communities. It illustrates the impacts that these collaborations had on preservice teachers.
This study addresses the substantive gaps in research regarding high school noncompletion by examining the college and workforce outcomes of persisters—defined here as students who do not formally withdraw from high school, nor earn a regular diploma, four years after entering high school as a first-time ninth grader.
This empirical study is a frame analysis of the public discourse from four key policy involved in the debate over the Common Core State Standards.
This study examines how in making meaning of the status and experience of Black students and their families in one choice context, teachers compromise the prospect of greater educational opportunity via school choice.
The OECD is adding a global competency measure to its Program of International Student Assessment (PISA) suite of assessments for 15 year olds in 2018. Given the OECD’s hegemonic role in influencing multinational education policy, the inclusion is globally significant and requires scrutiny to ensure multicontextual and cultural viewpoints of “global competency” prevail over the possibility of more narrow privileged perspectives.
Using data on the 50 American states from 1980 to 2013, this study examines the prioritization of state student aid relative to institutional support during periods of substantial declines in higher education spending. Student aid is found to be most often prioritized in such downturns and this is generally consistent within states over time, while states with higher aid funding per student and lower unemployment rates at the onset of a downturn are more likely to prioritize aid during the downturn.
This study reports on an exploratory longitudinal comparative descriptive analysis (2006–2012) of Arizona's non-Navajo and Navajo K–12 school-district demographics, academic achievement, tax rates, land valuation, and school-district revenue.
This study examines 218 official statements published by leaders of institutions of higher education in the U.S. in response to President Trump’s rescission of DACA. Results suggest that the average statement was unreadable by a postsecondary student of average reading ability and that only 51% of statements included resources for DACA students in their time of need.
In the United States, elected leaders and the general public have become more politically polarized during the past several decades, and political scientists argue that strengthening our democracy requires civic participants to productively negotiate their differences. To explore how educators could help to foster such civic participation, we conducted a mixed-methods study to examine how students’ experiences in highly interactive government courses could affect their willingness to engage in political issues in an open-minded way.
This study examines student enrollment patterns within cyber charter schools in Pennsylvania, a state where elected policymakers tend to view choice as a means for school improvement.
This study examines the impact of No Child Left Behind sanctions on principal turnover using longitudinal administrative and detailed school-level assessment and adequate yearly progress data from the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education.
This article examines 30 recent school closures in Philadelphia to explain how such closures have become yet another policy technology of Black community and school devaluation in the United States.
In recent decades, federal policymakers have pushed for education to be a more “scientific” endeavor. Through an ethnographic study of one school district’s implementation of multi-tier system of supports, the authors examine the applied logic of this comprehensive reform initiative and its impact in practice.
In this article, the authors investigate whether recent developmental education reform in Florida has had any impact on the existing racial/ethnic achievement gap in successfully accessing and passing gateway (introductory college-level) courses.
This introduction provides an overview of the theme of this yearbook.
This analysis seeks to explain the purpose of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) and outline the current plight of many students of color in the United States. It then uses critical race theory to contextualize and categorize persistent problems that face the implementation of ESSA for these students of color.
This article examines the challenges facing schools at the teacher and leadership levels as districts engage in more diverse environments.
In light of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), the newest iteration of No Child Left Behind (NCLB), this article first traces the history of NCLB’s influence on early childhood education and care. New and modified aspects of ESSA are then examined. With unprecedented emphasis on young children, this article discusses the potential impacts of ESSA on early childhood education for years to come.
In this article, the authors examine the disciplinary experiences of Black students with and without dis/abilities, and the role of the Every Student Succeeds Act in addressing racial and gender disparities in punishments. Using national data and an equity formula, the authors determine the percentage of inequitable overrepresentation of Black girls and Black boys for in-school and out-of-school suspensions.
Drawing from critical race feminism, this article discusses how Black girls in the PreK–12 public school system are disregarded and made invisible within educational policy discourse, implementation, and school reform. Authors analyze educational policies, including the Every Student Succeeds Act, and suggest that the continued failure of legislation to address the intersectional identities of Black girls contributes to racial and gender disparities in school discipline.
This article examines the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) and its implications for educational equity for Black boys. Using critical race theory, the authors argue that similar to past policies, ESSA intends to ensure educational equity for all students, but ignores the ways in which race, gender, and other forms of oppression are implicated in the teaching and learning process and constrain Black male youths’ opportunities to learn.
Restorative practices hold potential for alleviating the racialized discipline gaps in American schools. Foundational to implementation includes recognizing a need for change, committing to anti-racist policy and practice, and providing professional development and other supports necessary to pave the way for sustained change.