This study reports on an exploratory longitudinal comparative descriptive analysis (2006–2012) of Arizona's non-Navajo and Navajo K–12 school-district demographics, academic achievement, tax rates, land valuation, and school-district revenue.
This study examines 218 official statements published by leaders of institutions of higher education in the U.S. in response to President Trump’s rescission of DACA. Results suggest that the average statement was unreadable by a postsecondary student of average reading ability and that only 51% of statements included resources for DACA students in their time of need.
This paper examines how teachers’ understandings of race and racism inform their use of curricular materials.
Utilizing a critical discourse analysis framework, this study assesses the language conveyed in university presidents’ responses to racism at several predominantly White institutions and how their responses reveal larger patterns of social power and privilege. By informing the conversation around how those in power respond to racist speech, this research presents several implications for the ways in which universities can be more responsive to marginalized student communities.
In this research, we found that Black PhD students and postdoctoral researchers in engineering and computing departments framed the stress and strain of their STEM doctoral experiences through the lens of race. Their experiences in these settings not only led them to question their abilities and fit within their doctoral programs but also gave them the sense that they had to work twice as hard as their non-Black peers to survive the doctoral program.
This study analyzes historical portrayals of enslavement in 21 recently published books for elementary students. Informed by critical race theory, our findings suggest elementary teachers will be presented with a more complicated set of options when selecting among historical children’s literature than previously documented by researchers.
This study examines whether older versus younger kindergarten entry age links to differences in academic achievement for children who start school with a disability.
This study illuminates how African American parents whose children attended a racially diverse middle school made sense and came to terms with academic placement, neighborhood inequalities, and forms of agency.
This study investigates the affordances of two contrasting pathways into teaching secondary mathematics through examining the recruitment, placement, and early career trajectories of 158 Grades 6–12 mathematics teachers who entered teaching via two preparation programs focused on staffing high-need schools in the same region.
The article examines the extent to which public colleges use the additional revenue gained from enrolling higher percentages of nonresident students, who typically pay higher prices, to make college more affordable for in-state students.
This article examines 30 recent school closures in Philadelphia to explain how such closures have become yet another policy technology of Black community and school devaluation in the United States.
This article reviews 25 years of race-evasive White teacher identity studies between 1990 and 2015. Using the framework of colorblind racism and the method of the synoptic text, this review historicizes and synthesizes White teacher identity studies’ race-evasive dimension.
This article synthesizes empirical results that are difficult to explain except in terms of a new theory of the racial achievement gap.
Through mixed methods, this paper examines the family and community responsibilities of a sample of Latino undocumented undergraduate student survey respondents along with three portraits of qualitative visual and verbal narratives.
In this article, the authors investigate whether recent developmental education reform in Florida has had any impact on the existing racial/ethnic achievement gap in successfully accessing and passing gateway (introductory college-level) courses.
This study analyzes how women, underrepresented minority, and non-tenure-track faculty understand and describe professional legitimacy. It also explores the challenges these groups experience in trying to obtain legitimacy from colleagues that they attribute to their gender, race, or appointment type. The authors provide recommendations to create inclusive academic work environments for all three groups.
Policy makers have to ensure that federal programs align with the needs of underserved communities. For this reason, this article examines the impact that the Every Student Succeeds Act could have on African American students’ access to mental health support services in PreK–12 schools.
This article focuses on the Every Student Succeeds Act, which stipulates numerous provisions for supporting science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). Authors reviewed the provisions in five areas pertinent to STEM and presented recommendations to support access, equity, and achievement in STEM content areas.
Drawing from critical race feminism, this article discusses how Black girls in the PreK–12 public school system are disregarded and made invisible within educational policy discourse, implementation, and school reform. Authors analyze educational policies, including the Every Student Succeeds Act, and suggest that the continued failure of legislation to address the intersectional identities of Black girls contributes to racial and gender disparities in school discipline.
This article examines the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) and its implications for educational equity for Black boys. Using critical race theory, the authors argue that similar to past policies, ESSA intends to ensure educational equity for all students, but ignores the ways in which race, gender, and other forms of oppression are implicated in the teaching and learning process and constrain Black male youths’ opportunities to learn.
This chapter connects organizational change to research on anti-racism to formulate a new conceptual framework for anti-racist change in education. The goal is to provide PK–12 and higher education leaders with a framework that is a useful tool in which to actively dismantle systems of racial oppression and power in their institutions.
This article chronicles the ways in which a graduate department in educational policy studies at a predominantly white, highly selective university scaffolded foundations for institutional diversity for over three decades.
This article focuses on the imperative to implement mentoring as a strategy to achieve racial equity in higher education, and especially faculty of color. A framework for a campus-wide formal mentoring initiative is presented that addresses three critical issues: increasing campus-wide racial diversity, increasing the pipeline of tenured faculty of color, and increasing the retention rates for faculty of color.
Despite the fact that community colleges have more racial diversity in leadership positions relative to four-year institutions, leaders are still predominately white and men. Achieving racial equity in the sector requires attention to underlying assumptions about leadership, changes in processes that identify future leaders, and building a culture of equity to drive change.
Compositional diversity and inclusion statements have been the main focus of institutional efforts to remedy the effects of systemic racism on college campuses. However, diversity and inclusion goals fall short of enacting racial equity and justice. This article proposes eight institutional structures, processes, and/or practices to enact racial equity and justice in U.S. colleges and universities.
Plantation politics provides the opportunity to reveal parallel organizational and cultural norms between contemporary higher education institutions and slave plantations. The authors argue that the institutional logics of colonialism and imperialism—which were essential to the establishment of this country and led to the creation of plantations and the enslavement of Black bodies—exists within higher education institutions today.
Systemic racism and the impending inequities in schooling persist, making it apparent the concept of race still matters when it comes to educational leadership. In response, this article examines linkages between principal preparation programs, the orientations of the aspiring leaders enrolled within them, and the potential for program graduates to facilitate institutional change for racial equity.
Problem identification and understanding the root causes of racism are important, but more research is needed that goes beyond just identifying the problem and moves forward with systemic action toward rectifying racism within educational institutions. Therefore, each chapter in this yearbook identifies what institutional structures, processes, and practices are necessary to make racial equity in education a reality.
In this article, the authors challenge institutional leaders to take up intersectionality as a method of engaging in lasting transformational change that promises to advance racial equity in higher education. The authors also expose the limitations of existing institutional change models by highlighting their intersectional failures and prompt readers to imagine Black women as possibility models for institutional change that transforms higher education and advances racial equity.
The author reviews and synthesizes the relevant literature on professional development, cultural competency, and transformative learning to highlight critical components of culturally competent professional development.