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Syllabi for Teachers College Courses in Education: National Educational Systems


by James E. Russell - 1900

NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS SYLLABUS FOR EDUCATION 7 i GERMANY 1 Historical Development of German Education. A—Schools during the Middle Ages: (a) Influence of the Church and religious orders—cathedral and monastic schools; (b) Influence of scholasticism—universities; (c) Rise of cities, industrial changes—Latin schools, common schools. B—Effects of Renaissance and Reformation: (a) The period of discovery—humanism, reforms in classical schools; (b) The Reformation, Luther, Melanchthon—Kursachsische Schulordnung of 1528—reforms in Wiirtem-burg—Sturm's work in Strassburg—Protestant schools; (c) The Counter-Reformation—Thirty-Years' War-Jesuits' schools; (d) Period of transition—French influence—natural sciences—pietism and rationalism—University of Halle. Real-schools—new humanism—modern ideas. C—Growth of State Control of Prussian Schools: (a) Ante-regal period—relation of schools to Church and State—political changes; (b) Eighteenth century—influence of Comenius, Duke Ernst of Gotha, and Francke—reforms of Frederick William I. and Frederick the Great—Oberschulcollegium of 1787—Allgemeine Landrecht of 1794—position of Church; (c) Nineteenth century� separation of Church and State—William von Hum-boldt—department of public instruction—reforms in elementary education, Pestalozzi and Zeller, training teachers, increasing schools, development of curriculum—reforms in secondary education, provincial school-boards (Provincial Schulkollegieri) of 1825, certification of teachers, final examinations, curricula of 1816, 1837, 1859, 1882 and 1892—reforms in higher education, founding of University of Berlin, Burschen-schaft, Turnverein, conflicts with the Government, relations of universities to the State. ...


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 1 Number 4, 1900, p. 237-248
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 9691, Date Accessed: 11/21/2019 12:07:55 PM

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  • James Russell


 
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