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Engineering


by B. Richard Teare, Jr. - 1962

Engineering education, with a definite identity as such, appears to have emerged first in France with the founding of the Ecole des Ponts et Chaussees in the middle of the eighteenth century. Before that time, engineers had prepared 1 for the practice of their art, which included mainly the building of roads, bridges, and water- ways, by unorganized study, and by apprenticeship. Engineering was largely practical; it had little relation to theory or to science. The Ecole Polytechnique, a renowned center of scientific teaching, was established at about the beginning of the nineteenth century, and this institution became a model for scientific and engineering schools which began to be established in the United States in rapidly growing numbers, particularly after the middle of the century. Like the French prototype, many of these were separate from universities, and most of them had a stage of preparatory scientific studies in chemistry, physics, mathematics, and descriptive geometry, which was followed by a practical stage of specialized engineering applications. There were but two recognized kinds of engineering, military and civil.

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This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 61, No. 2


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 63 Number 10, 1962, p. 120-139
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 19817, Date Accessed: 12/2/2021 1:51:35 PM

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