Dependence and Independence
by Willard W. Hartup - 1963
This chapter will place greater emphasis upon dependent than upon independent behavior because the literature relating to the development of the latter is not extensive. The large majority of systematic studies of dependency and independence have been completed since 1946. Occasional findings relevant to dependence may be found in the earlier literature, but for the most part such results are by-products of investigations whose main emphases lay on childrearing practices, disciplinary techniques, and the like.
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