Home Articles Reader Opinion Editorial Book Reviews Discussion Writers Guide About TCRecord
transparent 13
Topics
Discussion
Announcements
 

Dependence and Independence


by Willard W. Hartup - 1963

This chapter will place greater emphasis upon dependent than upon independent behavior because the literature relating to the development of the latter is not extensive. The large majority of systematic studies of dependency and independence have been completed since 1946. Occasional findings relevant to dependence may be found in the earlier literature, but for the most part such results are by-products of investigations whose main emphases lay on childrearing practices, disciplinary techniques, and the like.


To view the full-text for this article you must be signed-in with the appropriate membership. Please review your options below:

Sign-in
Email:
Password:
Store a cookie on my computer that will allow me to skip this sign-in in the future.
Send me my password -- I can't remember it
 
Purchase this Article
Purchase Dependence and Independence
Individual-Resource passes allow you to purchase access to resources one resource at a time. There are no recurring fees.
$12
Become a Member
Online Access
With this membership you receive online access to all of TCRecord's content. The introductory rate of $25 is available for a limited time.
$25
Print and Online Access
With this membership you receive the print journal and free online access to all of TCRecord's content.
$210


This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 62, No. 1.


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 64 Number 9, 1963, p. 333-363
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 19805, Date Accessed: 7/24/2019 5:19:02 AM

Purchase Reprint Rights for this article or review
 
 
Member Center
In Print
This Month's Issue

Submit
EMAIL

Twitter

RSS