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Handbook of Intelligence


reviewed by Michael E. Martinez - 2002

coverTitle: Handbook of Intelligence
Author(s): Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
ISBN: 0521596483, Pages: 677, Year: 2000
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Despite having dropped the modifier human from its title, Sternberg’s (2000) Handbook of Intelligence presents a more human view of intelligence than does its 1982 predecessor. The expansion and refocusing of content in the new Handbook signifies that intelligence researchers are getting better at identifying and appreciating intelligence in those unlike themselves—namely children, animals, and machines. Researchers are also lending credit to broader conceptualizations of intelligence than are quantified by IQ scores. Altogether, the new Handbook of Intelligence presents a field that is burgeoning, multi-faceted, and in flux. We now know that children and animals are plenty clever. Arriving at that conclusion required researchers to be clever enough to detect non-trivial and non-obvious reasoning in human infants and in animals. For example, Chen and Siegler cite research from the past 15 years showing that infants ably engage in reasoning and problem solving. Zentall’s chapter on animal intelligence presents data showing that nonhuman species can learn, recall, reason, and use tools. In a chapter on the evolution of intelligence, Jerison... (preview truncated at 150 words.)


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 104 Number 5, 2002, p. 968-971
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 10749, Date Accessed: 10/17/2019 11:57:24 AM

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About the Author
  • Michael Martinez
    University of California, Irvine
    E-mail Author
    Michael E. Martinez is an Associate Professor in the Department of Education at the University of California, Irvine. He teaches courses in the psychology of learning and intelligence, evaluation and assessment, and research methods. A former high school science teacher, Dr. Martinez received his Ph.D. in Educational Psychology from Stanford University in 1987. He then joined the Division of Research at the Educational Testing Service in Princeton, New Jersey, where he developed new forms of computer-based testing for assessment in science, architecture, and engineering. This work led to two U.S. patents. In 1994-95, Dr. Martinez was a Fulbright Scholar at the University of the South Pacific in the Fiji Islands. Dr. Martinez now conducts research on the nature of proficiency in science and mathematics and on the nature and modifiablity of intelligence. He has published in such journals as the Educational Psychologist, the Journal of Educational Measurement, and the Journal of the American Society for Information Science, His first book, Education as the Cultivation of Intelligence, has recently been published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
 
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