Handbook of Intelligencereviewed by Michael E. Martinez - 2002
Despite having dropped the modifier human from its title,
Sternberg’s (2000) Handbook of Intelligence presents a
more human view of intelligence than does its 1982 predecessor. The
expansion and refocusing of content in the new Handbook
signifies that intelligence researchers are getting better at
identifying and appreciating intelligence in those unlike
themselves—namely children, animals, and machines.
Researchers are also lending credit to broader conceptualizations
of intelligence than are quantified by IQ scores. Altogether, the
new Handbook of Intelligence presents a field that is
burgeoning, multi-faceted, and in flux.
We now know that children and animals are plenty clever.
Arriving at that conclusion required researchers to be clever
enough to detect non-trivial and non-obvious reasoning in human
infants and in animals. For example, Chen and Siegler cite research
from the past 15 years showing that infants ably engage in
reasoning and problem solving. Zentall’s chapter on animal
intelligence presents data showing that nonhuman species can learn,
recall, reason, and use tools. In a chapter on the evolution of
intelligence, Jerison... (preview truncated at 150 words.) Title:
Handbook of IntelligenceAuthor(s):
Robert J. Sternberg Publisher:
Cambridge University Press, CambridgeISBN:
2000Search for book at Amazon.com
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- Michael Martinez
University of California, Irvine
Michael E. Martinez is an Associate Professor in the Department of Education at the University of California, Irvine. He teaches courses in the psychology of learning and intelligence, evaluation and assessment, and research methods. A former high school science teacher, Dr. Martinez received his Ph.D. in Educational Psychology from Stanford University in 1987. He then joined the Division of Research at the Educational Testing Service in Princeton, New Jersey, where he developed new forms of computer-based testing for assessment in science, architecture, and engineering. This work led to two U.S. patents. In 1994-95, Dr. Martinez was a Fulbright Scholar at the University of the South Pacific in the Fiji Islands. Dr. Martinez now conducts research on the nature of proficiency in science and mathematics and on the nature and modifiablity of intelligence. He has published in such journals as the Educational Psychologist, the Journal of Educational Measurement, and the Journal of the American Society for Information Science, His first book, Education as the Cultivation of Intelligence, has recently been published by Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.