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The Teaching of Arithmetic: The Work of the Third School Year


by David Eugene Smith - 1909

The Preparation: Since the text-book is placed in the hands of children during the latter part of the second school year or at the opening of the third, it becomes particularly important to have a systematic review of the work of Grades I and II at the beginning of this year. The text-books usually provide for this, and by their help these important things are accomplished: (1) The children's memories are refreshed as to the essential features of the preceding years' work, viz., the addition table, and the multiplication table as far as the course of study may require. (2) Children are "rounded up," brought to a certain somewhat uniform standard, so that all can begin the serious use of the textbook with approximately the same equipment. (3) The superior capacity or the defect of the individual has an opportunity to become apparent early, allowing for such advancement or special attention as the case demands. In other words the "lock-step" can be broken without the usual delay. As to further argument for this autumnal review the reader may refer back to section XIII of this article. The Leading Mathematical Features: In this year rapid written work is an important feature. The oral has predominated until now, but in Grade III the operations involve larger numbers than before, and the child begins to acquire the habit of writing his computations. Multiplication extends to two-figure multipliers and long division is begun. The most useful tables of denominate numbers are completed.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 10 Number 1, 1909, p. 73-79
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 10020, Date Accessed: 10/16/2019 4:42:14 AM

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