Doctor of Education Project Reports: A Plan for the Revision of Teacher Education for the Rural Girls' Schools of the Chhattisgargh Area, Central Provinces, India
by Perin Kaikhushroo Banker - 1949
This project report proposes the establishment of a teachers college in rural surroundings, with affiliated rural girls' schools to prepare rural women to take leadership in effecting economic and social advance in their communities.
The need for a new approach to education at a time when India has launched on a democratic form of government is essential.1 Education has to help in the improvement of the living conditions of the masses and enable them to participate effectively in the government of the country. Poverty, disease, and ignorance hinder progress. India is 90 per cent rural, hence the problem of education has to be solved mainly at that level. Teachers must be trained to assume leadership in rural reconstruction. The fact that girls' education has been neglected in the past must be specially considered.
The new trend in education is encouraging. The Central Advisory Board of Education has worked out a general plan for national education and the provincial governments have taken the first steps to implement it. Provision is made in the plans for educational programs to meet the special needs of certain regions.
The Chhattisgargh area of the Central Provinces is one such undeveloped region that requires special attention. Girls' education, being separate, suffers from a great shortage of trained women teachers.
This project report proposes the establishment of a teachers college in rural surroundings, with affiliated rural girls' schools to prepare rural women to take leadership in effecting economic and social advance in their communities. The students under training are to experience rural problems as they exist and learn to solve them through cooperative action. The curriculum would be evolved around areas of living, and all theory would be closely related to first-hand experiences. Expert guidance and facilities would be provided for growth during training and afterward in service.
The plan of teacher education, though under the auspices of the educational department, would be introduced, carried out, and evaluated through cooperative action of the faculty, students, community, and other educational agencies.
Since the school is the only agency for social advance in India today, the training of teachers effectively to shoulder this responsibility is important. Projects for teacher education have to be started all over the country to meet this challenge. The proposed plan is for one such pilot project that might profitably be emulated in other backward regions and be improved continuously through evaluation and cooperation with educational institutions all over the country.
1 The manuscripts of the Doctor of Education Project Reports reviewed in The Record are on file in the Library of Teachers College, Columbia University.