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21st Century Black Codes in K-12 School Policies Related to Black Hair

by Tiffany A. Flowers & Erin L. Berry - September 19, 2017

This commentary examines contemporary school policies restricting the hairstyles of Black children as echoes of the 19th century Black Codes in the American south.

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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record, Date Published: September 19, 2017
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 22164, Date Accessed: 1/21/2021 12:08:29 AM

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About the Author
  • Tiffany Flowers
    Georgia State University
    E-mail Author
    TIFFANY A. FLOWERS is an Assistant Professor of Education at Perimeter College at Georgia State University. She is an author, professor, and literacy advocate. Her research interests include African American literacy development, the scholarship of teaching and learning, literature, and traditional literacy.
  • Erin L. Berry
    Towson University
    E-mail Author
    ERIN L. BERRY specializes in Language, Communication, Intercultural Communication, African American Rhetoric, Black Feminist Standpoint, Hip-Hop Lyricism, Interdisciplinary Mixed-Methods Research Design, Digital Media, Ethics and Popular Culture. She is a doctoral candidate in the Language, Literacy & Culture Program at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) as well as a Lecturer for the department of Mass Communication and Communication Studies at Towson University.
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