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Formal Modes of Knowing

by Nel Noddings - 1985

I will discuss three domains of mathematical activity: the domain of informal, naive, or concrete experience; the domain of formal procedures (Benjamin Peirce's mathematics); and the metadomain in which we critique and discuss the domain of formal procedures. My main point will be that "doing mathematics" involves work in several modes of knowing across all three domains of activity.

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This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 84, No. 2.

Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 86 Number 6, 1985, p. 116-132
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 19135, Date Accessed: 8/5/2021 5:35:15 PM

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About the Author
  • Nel Noddings
    Stanford University
    NEL NODDINGS is a professor of child education at Stanford University.
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