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On What Scientists Know, and How They Know It


by D. C. Phillips - 1985

How are scientific claims warranted? What rational grounds, if any, are there for a person to assent to the doctrines of modern science? Should workers in other disciplines strive to make them more like science? Or should people working in the sciences finally capitulate and acknowledge that, epistemologically speaking, their knowledge claims are no more secure than those put forward elsewhere? Headway can be made with respect to these important questions by focusing on the insights that have been achieved over the past twenty years in philosophy of science. And the discussion of these insights can be grouped conveniently under the following headings: (a) Is observation in any sense foundational in science? (b) Are theories generated from, or determined by, evidence? (c) Is rational justification of knowledge claims possible? (d) Is justification necessarily relative to a framework? (e) Is there a difference in kind between natural and social science?


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This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 84, No. 2.


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 86 Number 6, 1985, p. 37-59
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 19131, Date Accessed: 11/14/2019 1:31:44 PM

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About the Author
  • D. Phillips
    Stanford University
    E-mail Author
    D. C. PHILLIPS is a professor of education at Stanford University.
 
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