Home Articles Reader Opinion Editorial Book Reviews Discussion Writers Guide About TCRecord
transparent 13

On What Scientists Know, and How They Know It

by D. C. Phillips - 1985

How are scientific claims warranted? What rational grounds, if any, are there for a person to assent to the doctrines of modern science? Should workers in other disciplines strive to make them more like science? Or should people working in the sciences finally capitulate and acknowledge that, epistemologically speaking, their knowledge claims are no more secure than those put forward elsewhere? Headway can be made with respect to these important questions by focusing on the insights that have been achieved over the past twenty years in philosophy of science. And the discussion of these insights can be grouped conveniently under the following headings: (a) Is observation in any sense foundational in science? (b) Are theories generated from, or determined by, evidence? (c) Is rational justification of knowledge claims possible? (d) Is justification necessarily relative to a framework? (e) Is there a difference in kind between natural and social science?

To view the full-text for this article you must be signed-in with the appropriate membership. Please review your options below:

Store a cookie on my computer that will allow me to skip this sign-in in the future.
Send me my password -- I can't remember it
Purchase this Article
Purchase On What Scientists Know, and How They Know It
Individual-Resource passes allow you to purchase access to resources one resource at a time. There are no recurring fees.
Become a Member
Online Access
With this membership you receive online access to all of TCRecord's content. The introductory rate of $25 is available for a limited time.
Print and Online Access
With this membership you receive the print journal and free online access to all of TCRecord's content.

This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 84, No. 2.

Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 86 Number 6, 1985, p. 37-59
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 19131, Date Accessed: 5/8/2021 5:25:02 AM

Purchase Reprint Rights for this article or review
Article Tools
Related Articles

Related Discussion
Post a Comment | Read All

About the Author
  • D. Phillips
    Stanford University
    E-mail Author
    D. C. PHILLIPS is a professor of education at Stanford University.
Member Center
In Print
This Month's Issue