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Current Patterns of Staff Development

by Kenneth R. Howey & Joseph C. Vaughn - 1983

Incidental to those changes but crucial to the expansion of staff development activities was the practice of tying both salary increments and, in more recent years, various forms of continuing certification to the completion of post-bachelor credits, usually in the form of graduate work. Another common pattern was for teachers to pursue in-service work in a district program that had received state department of education approval as an alternative or complement to graduate courses. Finally, the influence of teachers' organizations in demanding and gaining a voice through collective bargaining in the design and implementation of in-service activities has brought new emphasis to this activity.

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This article originally appeared in NSSE Yearbook Vol. 82, No. 2.

Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 84 Number 6, 1983, p. 92-117
https://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 19037, Date Accessed: 1/21/2022 8:49:54 PM

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About the Author
  • Kenneth Howey
    University of Minnesota
    E-mail Author
    KENNETH R. HOWEY is a Professor and the Associate Dean in the College of Education at the University of Minnesota.
  • Joseph Vaughn
    National Institute of Education
    E-mail Author
    JOSEPH C. VAUGHAN is a Senior Research Associate at the National Institute of Education in Washington, DC.
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