This article conceptualizes “vanishment” as a form of school-based, state punishment through ethnographic stories from inside a juvenile detention center school.
When schools focus narrowly on issues of student achievement and other district priorities, they may limit their school’s potential in meeting the diverse needs of students, families, and communities. In this article, we examine how principals engage in activism and recognize and take advantage of political opportunities to facilitate social change in their communities.
This paper examines how teachers’ understandings of race and racism, which informed their use of curricular materials, and the content, focus, and framing of race and racism in the formal curriculum shaped the inclusion and representation of race and racism in the enacted U.S. history curriculum in their classes.
This descriptive phenomenological study explored how 2-year college students participating in STEM classes and programs perceive themselves as learners. Results indicate that self-perceptions as 2-year college STEM learners are deeply intertwined with self-perceptions as mathematics learners, constantly evaluated and reevaluated in relation to others, driven by an internal process of recognizing the rewards and negotiating the challenges of studying STEM, and shaped by an external process of validation.
Utilizing a critical discourse analysis framework, this study assessed the language conveyed in university presidents’ responses to racism at several predominantly White institutions and how their responses reveal larger patterns of social power and privilege. By informing the conversation around how those in power respond to racist speech, this research presents several implications for the ways in which universities can be more responsive to marginalized student communities.
In this research, we found that Black Ph.D. students and postdoctoral researchers in engineering and computing departments framed the stress and strain of their STEM doctoral experiences through the lens of race. Their experiences in these settings not only led them to question their abilities and fit within their doctoral programs but also gave them the sense that they had to work twice as hard as their non-Black peers to survive the doctoral program.
This study integrates social capital and social cognitive theories to frame an investigation of the social sources that contribute to teachers’ self-efficacy over time, and explores how social interactions that vary in their relationship with and proximity to instruction influence teachers’ developing self-efficacy. Study findings indicate that school systems and schools should invest in supporting social interactions that focus on direct and targeted opportunities to learn about specific practices and teaching episodes instead of less direct and more generic interactions around educational practice.
Drawing on 47 life history interviews with Division I student-athletes, this paper questions the extent to which college sports offer meritocratic mobility. Findings reveal a sports-track-to-college pipeline and a correspondence between White middle-class communities and greater access to elite universities via athletics.
This study analyzes historical portrayals of enslavement in 21 recently published books for elementary students. Informed by critical race theory, our findings suggest elementary teachers will be presented with a more complicated set of options when selecting among historical children’s literature than previously documented by researchers.
This study of associate professors at four-year higher education institutions uses national survey data to predict the degree to which associate professors are clear about their prospects of promotion to the rank of full professor.
This article reports on an ethnographic study that explored the development of asset-oriented teacher educators through their three-year participation in situated adaptations of two critical pedagogical approaches: Freirean culture circles and Boalian theatre. The article argues that these approaches offer special promise for facilitating teacher educators’ learning about the contingent and critical work of asset-oriented teacher education, and, in doing so, provide fertile ground for transforming the field.
In this article, I develop the concept of principled improvisation: improvisation that is purposefully oriented toward justice and that accentuates each moment of teaching as political, ethical, and consequential. I describe the design of a learning environment for preservice teachers that was organized around principled improvisation and demonstrate its unique affordances for particular forms of novice teacher learning.
This conceptual article examines how race-based caucuses in one university-based teacher education program attempt to shift candidates’ understandings of their racialized selves as related to their teacher identities, invoking the significance of emotions, emotion labor, and criticality.
In this article, a university-based teacher educator of color and an early childhood teacher/teacher educator of color unveil the complex sociospatial dialectic of teacher education across settings. They share findings from a three-year collaborative study in which they worked to disrupt the traditional physical, pedagogical, and relational locations and boundaries of teacher education critically and collaboratively, intentionally working to interrupt how teacher education is implicated in the re-production and maintenance of racial injustices.
In this article, the authors theorize a humanizing pedagogy for teacher education and propose core tenets that represent an individual and collective effort toward critical consciousness for preservice teachers and also for teacher educators. A humanizing pedagogy in teacher education is a way forward for developing asset-, equity-, and social justice-oriented teachers.
This study examines how key institutional actors charged with implementing diversity-related policies and practices understand the influence of legal developments around affirmative action, and the institutional responses to these developments, on their efforts to support racial and ethnic diversity. Findings point to the importance of intentional efforts to implement diversity policy through a race- and racism-conscious lens, develop narratives that counter distorted narratives about racial discrimination, and address legal terms and definitions that do not reflect a realistic understanding of inequality or discrimination.
This study examines how teachers’ perceived legitimacy of teacher evaluation policies influences changes in their instruction and which school supports shape such perceptions.
The purpose of this scoping review is to critically examine three kindergarten traditions––Reggio Emilia, Waldorf, and Montessori––to develop a common understanding of key tenets for kindergarten assessment. Each of these traditions provides important insights toward developmentally appropriate assessment practices that can be adapted (not directly applied) to standards-based contexts of education in the United States and elsewhere.
This study examined the relationship between career and technical education coursetaking (CTE) in high school and CTE in college. Analyses are broken down between 2- and 4-year colleges as well as across specific clusters of CTE.
This study examined whether older versus younger kindergarten entry age links to differences in academic achievement for children who start school with a disability. Older entrants with disabilities had many fewer instances of problem behaviors and higher instances of social skills compared to those children with disabilities who began school at a younger age, though these findings were short-run, with little evidence extending beyond first grade.
This study examines student enrollment patterns within cyber charter schools in Pennsylvania, a state where elected policymakers tend to view choice as a means for school improvement. The findings suggest that despite the more accessible choice sets inherent to the online nature of the cyber charter school sector, enrollment stratification persists along student demographics and feeder district traits. These patterns lead to unequal access to higher performing online schools.
This study illuminates how African American parents whose children attended a racially diverse middle school made sense and came to terms with academic placement, neighborhood inequalities, and forms of agency.
This article reports an examination of school leadership organized as a network of formalized teacher-leader roles that blend teaching with instructional and managerial leadership. It argues that formal and embedded teacher-leader networks may have more potential to support teachers and school improvement than coaching roles or informally distributed leadership.
Using data from a national study of kindergartners who were followed up to the eighth grade, this article provides the first evidence for potential long-term consequences of ability grouping in the early grades. It examines the degree to which within-class ability grouping for reading instruction in kindergarten through third grade predicts reading test scores and English coursework up to the eighth grade.
The article examines the extent to which public colleges use the additional revenue gained from enrolling higher percentages of nonresident students, who typically pay higher prices, to make college more affordable for in-state students.