by Terrance L. Green & Mark A. GoodenIntroduction to the special issue on Milliken v. Bradley.
by Terrance L. Green & Mark A. GoodenThe purpose of this study is to examine the context and contradictions in Milliken. In doing so, authors review select federal school desegregation cases that informed the judicial and plaintiff’s thinking in Milliken, and provide an in-depth description of the city of Detroit and Detroit Public Schools, prior to and during Milliken.
by Muhammad A. Khalifa, Ty-Ron M. O. Douglas & Terah T. ChambersThis theoretical article examines the historical underpinnings of racialized policy discrimination in Detroit. With a backdrop of Detroit’s restrictive residential racial covenants, the Sweet Trials, the Detroit Race Riot of 1943, the destruction of Black Bottom, the refusal to place mass transit systems in Detroit, and more recently, the racialized implementation of Emergency Management Laws, authors argue that White actions toward Detroit are based on deep-rooted and historical biases, stereotypes, and fears of Blacks.
by Jennifer Jellison Holme, Kara S. Finnigan & Sarah DiemThis article examines the contemporary implications of the Milliken v. Bradley (1974) decision for educational inequality between school districts in U.S. metropolitan areas.
by H. Richard Milner IV, Lori A. Delale-O'Connor, Ira E. Murray & Abiola A. FarindeIn this article, authors draw on the concepts of place and race to understand interview data from three experts on education segregation and desegregation to shed light on the nature and complexity of Milliken that are under-explored in public and policy discourses and examinations.
by Sonya Douglass HorsfordIn this article, the author considers school desegregation as a form of social justice for blacks and racial equality for all, 40 years post-Milliken. Drawing from research on school desegregation as social justice and Bell’s theory of interest convergence, the author argues that integration and equality in the post-Civil Rights Era requires attention to the competing visions of social justice they describe as black equality and white freedom.
by Mark A. Gooden & Terrance L. GreenThe authors' conversation with the Honorable Judge Nathanial Jones entails his reflections about Milliken 40 years later, origins of his involvement in the case, and suggestions for school desegregation advocates in the 21st century.