by Jennifer Holdaway, Maurice Crul & Catrin RobertsThis article introduces the special issue, which focuses on the ways in which educational institutions in Europe and North America are responding to the growing number of children of immigrants entering schools and universities. It discusses the ways in which the needs of children of immigrants differ from those of native-born students, and the ways in which variations in the structure of national education systems, and in policy and practice, may shape the pathways that children of immigrants take into the labor market, higher education, and their lives as citizens. The authors review existing research on this topic and highlight some of the difficulties involved in comparative studies. They close with an overview of the articles presented in the special issue.
by Catherine Rothon, Anthony Heath & Laurence Lessard-PhillipsThis article is a comparison of the educational attainments of the “new” second generation in Britain, Canada, and the United States using three nationally representative data sets.
by Richard Alba & Roxane SilbermanThis article explores the ways in which educational systems shape the educational attainment of children of Mexican immigrants in the United States and of North Africans in France.
by Maurice Crul & Jennifer HoldawayThis article considers the ways in which school systems in New York City and Amsterdam have shaped the educational trajectories of two groups of relatively disadvantaged immigrant youth: the children of Dominican immigrants in New York and the children of Moroccan immigrants in Amsterdam. It describes the salient features of the two educational systems and the ways in which they structure opportunity for children of immigrants.
by Maurice Crul & Jens SchneiderResearch on integration processes still has a national focus. This article compares the school careers of children of Turkish immigrants across Germany and the Netherlands, indicating that their educational position differs significantly in the two countries. The national context works out differently not only for the group as a whole but also for men and women. The article explores these differences and provides some clues about the factors that determine them.
by Marie Mc AndrewThe article looks at the variety of practices that different societies (Britain, Quebec, Ontario, the United States, and Belgium) have adopted to foster the mastery of the host language by immigrant students, with a special focus on the degree to which such endeavors follow an immersion or a specific services formula and on the role they grant to heritage languages.
by Thijl SunierThis article addresses the growing diversity in religious and ethnic backgrounds among students at primary and secondary schools in Western Europe. Presented are the outcomes of international comparative anthropological (qualitative) research on multiculturalism, citizenship, and nation building in schools in Paris, Berlin, London, and Rotterdam.