by Edward Buendía & Paul Humbert-FiskThe field of urban education knows little about the role of suburban mayors in political fragmentation, or division into smaller organizational units, of multi-city suburban school districts, particularly in relation to contemporary mayoral control activity in central cities. This article reports on a mixed method study that examined the interplay of political, fiscal and demographic dynamics that contributed to the split of a large, U.S., suburban school district. The authors found that rapid demographic and financial shifts in school districts shared by multiple suburban cities can catalyze secession activities. Strong city mayors were a key force propelling division and modifying district governance structures through heightening the prominence of city borders and local control, even when the threats were neighboring middle class cities. The authors conclude that these practices of division and appropriation by cities and their leadership will only diminish democratic process of school governance and exacerbate social-class and racial segregation.
by Sarah J. Selmer, Melissa J. Luna & James A. RyeThe purpose of this research is to seek insights into teachers’ experiences as they implement garden-based learning. Our results add to existing frameworks describing the relationship between the teacher and the curriculum specifically in the garden-based learning context.
by Kristen Campbell Wilcox , Hal A. Lawson & Janet AngelisThis article describes practices that distinguish elementary schools whose ethnically and linguistically diverse students consistently exceed expectations on English language arts assessments. Results of the multicase study show that higher achievement correlates with policies and practices that are coherently supported and sustained across classroom, school, and district levels.
by Jeff FrankThis article develops the significance of James Baldwin’s thinking for teacher education. In particular, the article develops Baldwin’s thinking on three interrelated themes: white innocence, fear, and love. The article concludes by arguing that Baldwin’s thinking—particularly his thinking on love—should be given more sustained attention by educators, especially teacher educators.
by Se Woong Lee, Sookweon Min & Geoffrey P. MamerowThis paper examines the influence of students’ self-efficacy and expectation, as well as the expectation and encouragement they received from parents and high school teachers on their decisions to major in, complete a degree, and pursue a career in STEMM.
by Anne Traynor & Allison E. ChapmanTo allay public concerns that state exit examination mandates might unfairly hinder some students’ educational attainment prospects, most states with exam requirements offer alternative routes to graduation for all students. This study probes the relationship between various exam difficulty-alternative route policy combinations and the subsequent attainment outcomes of tenth-graders.
by Laura QuaynorThis paper draws on a comparative case study of six classrooms in two International Baccalaureate schools to highlight conflicting teacher practices related to global education. One set of teacher practices demonstrated a fixed orientation to global education, acknowledging the global experiences, multiple languages, and variety of viewpoints that students brought into the classroom; other teacher practices exemplified a fixed orientation towards global education, ignoring the variety of student experiences, languages, and viewpoints in the classroom.
by Eleanor S. Fulbeck & Meredith P. RichardsIn this study, we use data from 2006 to 2010 to examine the impact of school-based financial incentives on patterns of teacher mobility, focusing on teachers' strategic moves. Our findings suggest program participants tend to make more strategic moves to high value schools than their non-participant peers. However, these moves tend to be to schools that have high performance and growth in achievement, and not to schools that receive incentives for serving low-income populations.