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The Association Between Television Viewing and Achievement: The Impact of Optimal Viewing Across Time


by Tara Stevens, Lucy Barnard & Yen M. To — January 26, 2009

Context: Studies investigating the relationship between television viewing and academic achievement have yielded conflicting results. Micha Razel attributed the inconsistent findings to a nonlinear relationship and suggested optimal viewing guidelines for children.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test a latent growth model constrained to reflect Razel’s optimal viewing times to evaluate the longitudinal relationship between television viewing and academic achievement.

Research Design: Data were collected from 17,565 children, aged 5–12 years, from the ECLS-K fifth-grade national database. Despite good model-to-data fit, parameter estimates for the relationship between television viewing and achievement were statistically nonsignificant.

Conclusions: Future research to address methodological concerns associated with large databases and differences in the relationship across groups appears warranted.



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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record, Date Published: January 26, 2009
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 15498, Date Accessed: 11/23/2014 7:54:42 PM

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About the Author
  • Tara Stevens
    Texas Tech University
    TARA STEVENS is an associate professor in the Department of Educational Psychology and Leadership at Texas Tech University.
  • Lucy Barnard
    Baylor University
    E-mail Author
    LUCY BARNARD is an assistant professor in the Department of Educational Psychology at Baylor University.
  • Yen To
    Texas Tech University
    YEN M. TO is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Educational Psychology and Leadership at Texas Tech University.
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