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Jim Crow Moves North: The Battle Over Northern School Segregation, 1865-1954


reviewed by Michael Fultz — September 15, 2006

coverTitle: Jim Crow Moves North: The Battle Over Northern School Segregation, 1865-1954
Author(s): Davison M. Douglas
Publisher: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge
ISBN: 0521607833, Pages: 334, Year: 2005
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It is unfortunate that the catch phrase in the title of Davison Douglas’s noteworthy new book, Jim Crow Moves North: The Battle over Northern School Segregation, 1865-1954, is such a palpable misnomer. The phrase subtly reinforces one of the myths which Douglas deftly unmasks: the “gentle conceit of northern people,” as theologian Reinhold Niebuhr put it, “that race prejudice is a vice peculiar to the south” (p. 134). Most decidedly, Jim Crow, in its multiple manifestations, did not “move North”; it was there all along (see Berlin, 1998; Melish, 1998). And it has stayed there, varying, of course, in time and place, but basically demonstrating a sturdy and robust Yankee durability. Research in 2003 from the Harvard Civil Rights Project, for example, indicates that three northern states--New York, Illinois, and Michigan--had the nation’s highest percentages of black students in 90-100 percent minority schools, and conversely, led six states (add California,... (preview truncated at 150 words.)


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record, Date Published: September 15, 2006
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 12714, Date Accessed: 5/29/2017 12:58:46 PM

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About the Author
  • Michael Fultz
    University of Wisconsin-Madison
    E-mail Author
    MICHAEL FULTZ is Professor and Chair, Department of Educational Policy Studies, University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research focuses on the history of African American teachers in the South. Among his recent publications is "The Displacement of Black Educators Post-Brown: An Overview and Analysis," History of Education Quarterly, 44(1), Spring 2004, 11-45.
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