Educational Surveys and Vocational Guidance: Introduction
by Frederick G. Bonser & Leonard Righter — 1913
The reorganization of a school system, large or small, by which the industrial and commercial aspects of life are given adequate provision, is not a simple problem. This problem involves many factors, all of which must be taken into account or disappointment and even serious and costly errors will follow. In the haste to establish schools and courses in the field of the various practical arts, it is to be regretted that many cities have begun the work at great expense without any adequate knowledge of their actual needs and possibilities. No intelligent physician prescribes remedial agencies until he has made a diagnosis of his case. To prescribe for the educational needs of a community one must know those needs. So many elements enter into this complex problem of educational needs that nothing less than a rather comprehensive survey of the entire social situation can provide the necessary information. Such a survey emphasizes the democratic character of the public school system. It reveals the needs of all groups in the social whole. Any system of education neglecting the fundamental needs of any group must be regarded as inadequate and undemocratic.
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