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Where A Is Ordinary: The Evolution of American College and University Grading, 1940–2009


by Stuart Rojstaczer & Christopher Healy — 2012


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 114 Number 7, 2012, p. 1-23
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 16473, Date Accessed: 12/16/2017 8:12:39 AM
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About the Author
  • Stuart Rojstaczer
    Independent Scholar
    E-mail Author
    STUART ROJSTACZER is a retired professor of geology, civil engineering, and environment at Duke University. He works as a consultant on water issues and has research interests in the evolution of pedagogy and grading in colleges, the evolution of permeability in the continental crust, and the human use of water at local and global scales. Recent publications include: Rojstaczer, S., Ingebritsen, S. E., & Hayba, D. O. (2008). Permeability of continental crust influenced by internal and external forcing, Geofluids, 8, 1–12; and Rojstaczer, S.,& Healy, C. (2010). Grading in American colleges and universities. Teachers College Record, ID Number 15928.
  • Christopher Healy
    Furman University
    CHRISTOPHER HEALY is an associate professor of computer science at Furman University. His research interests include timing analysis for real-time and embedded systems, programming languages, computer science education, and grading issues and pedagogy in higher education. Recent publications include: Healy, C. (2010). International computing issues as a freshman seminar. Computing Sciences in Colleges, 25, 143–148; and Mohan, S., Mueller, F., Hawkins, W., Root, M., Healy, C., & Whalley, D. (2010). Parametric timing analysis and its applications to DVS. ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems, ID Number 10.1145/1880050.1880061
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