As education librarians seek to collaborate with preservice teacher preparation programs, they need to apply informatics principles to optimize the librarys ultimate impact on student achievement. Specifically, education librarians need to examine several levels of information processing systems: student, faculty, program, institution, and government entities. Furthermore, education librarians need to identify the conditions or environments of these information systems because the infrastructure, available resources, and knowledge base all impact student learning.
Although the media education/media literacy debate has yet to find its way into the majority of classrooms across the United States, school libraries and library media specialists are the exception to this general rule. For a decade or more, librarians have been encouraging students to use multiple media to locate and utilize information. And a prerequisite for effective use is evaluation, based on issues such as timeliness, authority, and relevance. Whether the information is presented in traditional print texts, in graphic novels, in video, on websites, or through other media, library media specialists have assumed the responsibility of teaching students to select and use the items most relevant to their immediate need. Now, as the call for a more critical approach to literacy has surfaced in education, the library media specialist is in a position to continue assisting students in utilizing and processing information from a variety of media.
While there has been a great deal of recognition in the business world that information and knowledge management can be vital tools in organizations, it is only recently that educational administrators have begun to look at how they might use information systems to assist in creating effective learning environments. In the business research environment, the evolution from data to information and from information to knowledge plays a leading role in shaping how organizations develop strategies and plans for the future. Using examples from schools, this paper illustrates how knowledge management can enable schools to examine the plethora of data they collect, and how an ecological framework can be used to transform these data into meaningful information.
Examines the shared cognitive dimensions of cultural institutions like museums, libraries, and parks, suggesting they make similar situations for transmitting information. This article encourages a critical understanding of public cultural institutions to enlarge the potential for discourse about their analysis and criticism. Heuristic questions for understanding cultural institutions are presented.
The holdings of the Darton Collection, a special library of children's books published in England before 1850, are discussed. The collection, housed at Columbia University in New York City, includes childrens' games and illustrations as well as books.
The authors take an innovative and entirely contemporary approach to secondary school libraries in this article. They are primarily concerned with the programs libraries may carry on in the interests of teachers and learners, in the multiple services they may perform.
There remains the need for a working collection of books which offers the fundamentals on which to base programs and action. The author has compiled a list that should be available for reference and study and that will afford a balanced coverage of some of the best recent literature in the field.
The library offers more opportunities for learning than any classroom. Getting acquainted with its resources and studying how to use them is, therefore, one of the first things the student veteran will wish to do. Like any fairly complex machine, its parts must be understood and its mechanisms analyzed before it can be used effectively.
This study was designed to probe the characteristics of books of fiction that appeal to children of young adolescent age; to discover whether there are new themes in popular contemporary books of fiction for this age; to examine the reception given by children to certain adult-selected books; to study procedures children use in selecting books of fiction.
In this study the whole field of education through libraries and museums is reviewedthe astonishing new gadgets, the growing power, and the historic trend of library and museum philosophy.
It is the purpose of this study to set forth the aims that have produced library reading in the primary grades, and to examine the techniques advocated by professional writings, courses of study, and classroom teachers for conducting this reading program.
This is the fourth of a new series of articles on directing study. The first article, "Supplementary Bibliography on Study," appeared In March, 1932.
Address delivered at New York State Library Association Conference, September 22, 1931.
THIS list is the outcome of a project aiming to meet numerous JL requests from superintendents and board members for two things:
1. Information and references which on any common sense basis a superintendent of schools ought to have at his elbow.
THE following quotation from the writer's Administration and JL Supervision of the High School sets forth his conception of the scope and function of the library in the modern high school:
"The complete lack or the meagerness of space suitable for library purposes in the great majority of our high school buildings reveals a striking failure to appreciate the important part which the school library should have in high school education.
THE purposes of this study were to discover the legal status of public school libraries, and of state libraries and library commissions, organizations which contribute service to school libraries;1 to ascertain the legal powers and duties of state education departments, state libraries, and library commissions in their relations to public school libraries; to ascertain the detailed activities and services authorized by law and actually rendered by these organizations to public school libraries; to set up a program of these activities; and to propose a plan for their allocation.
The educational activities of which Columbia University is the centre have been increased by the completion of Russell Hall, the new home of Teachers College Library.
The broader view of education which has led to changes in methods of teaching has also brought about the development of school libraries that take a very active and comprehensive part in the intellectual life of the school.
The search engine Google causes ripples of controversy within the academic and publishing communities every time it announces a new institutional partner in its Google Book Search Library Project--a massive undertaking aimed at digitizing millions of holdings at academic libraries across the world. A review of the history of libraries, however, reveals that Google's project may just be the next logical step in addressing the persistent problems libraries face in regards to the question of how best to store and access knowledge.