Drawing on qualitative and quantitative data collected over a 5-year period, we argue that in troubled urban school districts, teacher buy-in to curricular reform is best achieved when change agents adapt their program to the daily needs and problems of classroom teachers.
Relatively little research examines the specific interactions and dynamics by which professional community constitutes a resource for teacher learning and innovations in teaching practice. This paper draws on intensive case studies of teacher knowledge, practice, and learning among teachers of mathematics and English in two high schools to take up the problem of how classroom teaching practice comes to be known, shared, and developed among teachers through their out-of-classroom interactions.
This article explores the work of one urban teacher network and analyzes th ideas about educational equity and inequality that evolve from its professional development practices. Beginning from what feminist sociologist, Dorothy Smith, has called the "everyday world as problematic" this group's work envisions social change that is deeply situated and attends to the multiplicity, complexity and uncertainly that characterize human learning, especially given contexts saturated with inequalities.
Educators must find ways to legitimize critique and controversy within organizational life. This article examines constructive conflict within the context of a comprehensive Midwestern high school engaged in significant reform efforts. Here conflict is employed as a means to promote individual and organizational learning and growth.
The paper analyzes three current approaches to teacher education reform in the U.S.- the professionalization agenda, the deregulation agenda, and the social justice agenda.
We consider the role of anthropology and its central construct—culture—in the study of education.
This commentary considers the contradiction of using standardized tests to assess authentic learning.
In this article, we focus on two first-year high school teachers who graduated from the same teacher preparation program in the same year. One is credentialed in the subject area and the other is not. Using comparative case methodology, we investigate and contrast how the teachers taught a unit on Steinbeck's novel Cannery Row.
By joining two related ethnographic case studies, this paper examines how an emphasis on critical inquiry in a multicultural education course (Case I) influenced one teacher's understandings and actions during the two years following the course (Case II), leading to transformative practices that emphasize education for a more democratic, just society. The paper then summarizes the tools and structures that supported this teacher in creating transformative multicultural practices across classrooms in her school district.
While often considered a dysfunctional aspect of community, conflict, this article argues, reflects a natural and potentially positive part of teacher professional communities. Using case studies, the work explores micropolitical processes among teachers.
This article reports on a study of the complex and messy process of classroom technology integration. The main purpose of the study was to empirically address the large question of "why don’t teachers innovate when they are given computers?" rather than whether computers can improve student learning.
Based on an interview study of fifty 1st- and 2nd-year teachers in Massachusetts, we describe a lack of curricular support for new teachers despite the progress of standards-based reform.
The purpose of the study was to determine the best approach to the development of procedures to assess beginning teachers. Recent conceptions of teaching and new approaches to assessment were examined for the implications for the development of teacher assessments. A framework consisting of fifteen implications is proposed.
Our analysis investigates variations among intended reforms as demonstrated by observed teacher practice in 36 California restructuring schools.
A consideration of the advantages of viewing teaching as public service alongside other key democratic occupations such as nurses, firefighters, police, paramedics, social workers, and librarians.
The authors use their experience with a professional development project to propose a model of teacher community in the workplace.
This paper draws on extended interviews with 53 elementary and secondary teachers in Ontario, Canada concerning the emotional aspects of their work, to develop a new conceptual framework of emotional geographies of teaching.
This article examines the impact of race, ethnicity and academic skills on the probability that high school students succeed in each of the various steps of the path into teaching.
The article analyzes a teacher education program that centered around a constructivist teaching model, “Fostering Community of Learners.” The author shows how three distinct program iterations over a three-year project grappled with the fusing of inspiration, reasoning, skill development, and design work.
A look at different approaches to resistant learners
This paper proposes a framework for thinking about teacher learning over time starting with initial teacher preparation and continuing through the early years of teaching.
Asian American undergraduates work as student researchers within their respective communities to uncover the resistance to selecting teaching as a career. Traditional preconceptions of the role of teaching emerge as the crucial factor.
The author responds to Dale Ballou and Michael Podgursky's critique of What Matters Most, the report of the National Commission on Teaching and America's Future, and details the research support for the National Commission's recommendations.
The author considers how grantseeking among urban public school teachers has introduced selected teachers to the central tenets of the privatization movement while simultaneously excluding teachers of color and those whose native language is not English.
The authors challenge the conclusions of the National Commission for Teaching and America’s Future and argue that the research literature offers far less support for the Commission’s recommendations than is claimed.
This article examines individual characteristics and the high school departments of teachers who do or do not adapt instruction for a diverse student body.
Using interviews and qualitative methods, this article examines the rhetorical difficulties that candidates experience in applying for National Board for Professional Teaching Standards (NBPTS) certification.
This interview study presents the stories of three teacher leaders, provides a definition of teacher leadership from the classroom, illustrates the experiences of a new wave of teacher leaders, and examines the barriers that impact their work.
The authors respond to criticism by Linda Darling-Hammond of their previous article that challenges the conclusions of the National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future.