This article provides an overview of the special issue on reimaging research and practice at the crossroads of philosophy, teaching, and teacher education. The authors describe the research context out of which the issue arose, and they summarize the articles that comprise it.
This Afterword recounts aspects of the collaborative process that gave birth to this issue as well as elements of teaching, teacher education, and philosophy that cut across the articles. It focuses on the person, experience and reflection, and belief, purpose, mission, and alignment with practice. It attempts to bring these ideas to life through story.
This research investigates the experiences of educators in one metropolitan high school over the course of one school year. In particular, the research questions include: (1) How is the morale of exceptional urban teachers affected by the contextual factors of a neoliberal school climate? (2) How does their morale relate to teachers’ reports of their pedagogy? Findings share how teachers were making sense of a climate that felt like a “sinking ship” over which they had no control and how a “vicious cycle of disempowerment” influenced the way they believed they were performing in the classroom.
Using eight years of state longitudinal data on Michigan public high schools’ teachers, this study finds that school level teacher turnover rates were significantly higher during the recession and following the announcement of a state mandated curricular change. However, the relationship between these external contextual factors and school level teacher turnover rates depend on the locale of the school with magnitudes of the increases in teacher turnover being the highest for schools in towns and lowest for city schools.
This study uses discrete time survival analysis to analyze when early career teachers turn over and the extent to which in-service induction supports are linked with greater retention among alternatively certified teachers.
This study of associate professors at four-year higher education institutions uses national survey data to predict the degree to which associate professors are clear about their prospects of promotion to the rank of full professor.
This study examines how teachers’ perceived legitimacy of teacher evaluation policies influences changes in their instruction and which school supports shape such perceptions.
To investigate if and how teachers connect student performance data to their instruction, researchers observed teams of 3rd-5th grade teachers, to make meaning of student performance data.
This article examines classroom teachers’ perspectives on their role in engaging diverse parents, and their contradictory positioning in facilitating more egalitarian partnerships with families in the climate of high-stakes accountability within urban public schools.
This article examines why performance incentives have not worked in American schools. Using qualitative interviews and focus groups with teachers across North Carolina, the authors argue that performance incentives rest on a set of flawed assumptions about what motivates and improves teacher effectiveness.
This article reviews 25 years of race-evasive White teacher identity studies between 1990 and 2015. Using the framework of colorblind racism and the method of the synoptic text, this review historicizes and synthesizes White teacher identity studies’ race-evasive dimension.
This study examined how elementary teachers' appraisals of their classroom environment contribute to their risk for stress in the context of individual, classroom, and school characteristics, as well as state-level policy factors. Further, this study looked at how these factors are associated with teachers’ occupational stress, burnout, and commitment to teaching.
The authors use cognitive flexibility theory to theoretically and empirically explore the relationship between how high school teachers understand student engagement and their ability to consistently engage students in class.
This study examines relations between fifth-grade teachers’ use of general teaching practices, such as emotional support, and mathematics-specific practices, such facilitating mathematical discourse, over the course of a school year.
This article explores the contributions of minority serving institutions to the production of teachers of color. The authors lay the groundwork for research in this area and put forth an agenda for future research.
This article analyzes the way that a teacher community shares stories about students in a racially and socioeconomically diverse elementary school.
In this study, authors use data from 2006 to 2010 to examine the impact of school-based financial incentives on patterns of teacher mobility, focusing on teachers' strategic moves.
This article reframes the debate about what fuels high rates of teacher turnover in high-poverty schools. After reviewing findings from past studies of turnover, it focuses on recent scholarship suggesting that teachers who leave such schools are not fleeing their students, but rather the poor working conditions that make it difficult for them to teach and for their students to learn.
Our purpose is to enrich current conceptualizations of autonomy support that remain constrained by the context of study and by the limited available descriptions of teacher enactment. Toward this end, we richly describe teachers’ provision of academically significant autonomy support within an inquiry-based science curricular context to incorporate higher quality differentiations.
This article presents and analyzes a variety of approaches that teachers in a struggling urban school used after a violent teacher attack ushered in a culture of chaos and fear throughout the school. As this paper suggests, many of these approaches failed to generate the authority necessary to restore student engagement and the relational trust between teachers and students that they had lost following this incident. At the same time, one teacher implemented an approach that allowed him to reclaim his authority, repair the teacher-student relationship, and increase student engagement in his classroom. Drawing on various theories about power and authority in schools, I argue that the degree to which these different approaches created engaging learning environments and restored a meaningful teacher-student relationship depended on whether students recognized a teacher’s authority as legitimate.
Alternative teacher certification programs have surfaced as a popular remedy to alleviate anxieties about the quality of teachers in hard-to-staff schools and in such high needs areas as mathematics. Despite the growth in the number and influence of alternative route programs their particulars remain largely unexamined. This study addresses this situation by investigating the preparation of mathematics teachers in the New York City Teaching Fellows (NYCTF) program, an alternative route program of national prominence.
This comparative, longitudinal study of 30 beginning teachers from three mission-driven, teacher education programs explores career commitments among beginning teachers and how school environments shape them. The study confirms the importance of administration support and professional community even for elite college graduates who are highly motivated to teach and make a difference in the lives of children.
To teach for instrumental and innovative growth for both student and teacher is not simply a technical challenge. It is a moral task, requiring intimacy in the service of developing autonomy. It involves moral sensitivity and moral perception in prompting and framing responsible pedagogical action. It is an emotionally fraught enterprise, one that runs headlong into the human resistance to development and growth (Bion, 1994). What follows is an uncovering of this pedagogical responsibility. As we shall show, the way in to the moral dimensions of a teacher’s work is the same path that leads to academic effectiveness. Taking the moral seriously is not a diversion from the preparation and development of effective teachers, nor is it an added consideration; it is central to the very possibility of responsive and responsible education.
The purpose of this chapter is to understand the spiritual dimensions of teaching by elucidating the cardinal and forgotten virtue of reverence. Reverence has a power beyond a typical understanding of it as something religious. Reverence involves a sense of wonder and awe for something or someone that meets at least one of the following conditions: (1) something we cannot control; (2) something we cannot create; (3) something we cannot fully understand; (4) something transcendent, even supernatural The chapter shows reverence in a wider context that does not diminish its spiritual connotations, but rather shows its importance and relevance to teaching in today’s classrooms.
This research identifies strategies that principals in high-, middle- and low-financial resource Catholic, independent, and public schools use to foster school climates that promote teacher learning and development.
In this introduction to a special section on teaching practice, Pam Grossman introduces the ideas from the original study on teaching practice that inspired the work in teacher education described in the articles that follow. She describes the constructs of the representation, decomposition, and approximation of practice and how these help us understand more deeply how professional practice is taught.
Drawing on interviews with 20 second-stage teachers (in their 3rd ï¿½10th year), this study examines the experiences of teachers who were relatively new to the teaching profession yet occupied positions that set them apart from their colleagues. We found that these teachers encountered resistance from their colleagues who invoked teachingï¿½s traditional norms of autonomy, egalitarianism, and seniority in rebuffing the second-stage teachersï¿½ efforts to change their classroom practice.
This article examines school-based professional inquiry communities known as Critical Friends Groups, analyzing how four design features—their diverse menu of activities, their decentralized structure, their interdisciplinary membership, and their reliance on structured conversation tools called “protocols”—influence the capacity of these groups to pursue whole-school reform and instructional improvement.
This article examines reasons underlying the professional entry of African American women teachers who participated in two separate qualitative studies. Study findings suggest that for some Black women teachers, teaching is more than a vocational choice, but rather a decision related to intergenerational connections, communities, and cultural work.
Accounts of teaching experience punctuate teachers’ talk with one another in a range of workplace contexts: in staffroom or hallway encounters, regularly scheduled meetings of one sort or another, professional development events, and increasingly, activities focused on reviews of school assessment data or samples of student work. Such accounts, whether in the form of passing references or extended narratives, form a pervasive feature of professional interaction. Yet in studies that now span several decades, scholars offer quite mixed assessments of them: what they convey of teachers’ knowledge; what they signify regarding teachers’ beliefs about and dispositions toward students, parents, and colleagues; how they function in shaping or changing the norms of professional discourse; and what they offer as resources for problem solving and innovation.