This study employs a relational teaching framework to examine the learning relationships among teachers and a full cohort of eighth-grade Black boys (N = 27) at a single-sex middle school for boys of color in New York City. In-depth interviews from a critical ethnography conducted at the school-site (during the 2011–2012 academic year) culled boys’ narratives of their teacher-student relationships, in order to illustrate how specific relational teaching strategies supported Black boys’ engagement and learning.
This article outlines the imperative for strengths-based research to counter deficit perceptions and perspectives of Black males in contemporary discussions of their school achievement in the United States. The importance of young men of color in shaping research agendas, practice, and public policy is argued followed by a brief overview of the papers featured in the special issue “Erasing the Deficits: ‘My Brother’s Keeper’ and Contemporary Perspectives on Black Male School Achievement.”
This article examines the ways in which African American male students navigate racial microaggressions while attending a culturally diverse high school.
This study examines the relationships between teacher sorting practices, course enrollment patterns, extracurricular activities, and student outcomes for high-achieving Black males in high school.
The purpose of this study is to examine the Response to Intervention (RTI) implementation process in two culturally diverse, urban schools. The authors describe the process of large scale RTI implementation through the lens of Systems Change Theory.
This study examined whether the National Science Foundation’s Discovery Research in K–12 program has made a unique contribution to the research in the fields of science and mathematics education for English language learners (ELLs). We compared research from ELL science and mathematics projects that were funded by the program with research in these fields in terms of research topics, design, methods, outcomes, and researcher expertise.
This research examines the experiences of 15 undocumented immigrants who graduated from public high schools in New York City and identifies nine types of microaggressions they encountered during their college choice process.
This article examines special education in one Canadian urban public school system, the Toronto system, from 1945 to the present. Prepared with a wide audience of historians and education researchers, policymakers, administrators, teachers, and others in mind, the article explains the many different change factors – as well as the significant continuity – that have been present in the historical development of special education policies.
When inequality of opportunity is discussed in higher education, it typically pertains to access to college. This article shifts attention to instructional quality and examines whether students from all sociodemographic groups report similar levels of instructional quality and whether that changes as they progress through college.
This article analyzes the way that a teacher community shares stories about students in a racially and socioeconomically diverse elementary school. The narratives that emerge from the teacher community’s discourse reveal these middle-class White women teachers’ intense ambiguity about, and social distance from, their students. Implications for leadership and policy in response to this common occurrence in schools are discussed.
This article investigates the relationship between child migration and educational attainment. Depending on age at migration, it examines whether there is an educational advantage for Mexican-born children who migrate to the United States relative to their non-migrant Mexican peers.
This article examines how first grade Latina/o emergent bilinguals interacted with a literacy curriculum that sought to value their transnational experiences and multilingual repertoires. Through a focus on the Laundromat, one of the transnational local spaces salient in the data, I explore how the children enacted what I refer to as literacies of interdependence—multilingual and multimodal literacy practices that both reflected and enacted their cultural practices of mutuality.
This study examines dimensions of positive strategies for coping with the college environment among students from adverse backgrounds in relation to the different services and support systems students may access. The data analyzed was from a 2012 survey of enrolled college students who were recipients of a scholarship based on the severe adversity they had experienced prior to college and evidence of resilience.
Using a symbolic interactionist theoretical framework, the authors examine eleven persistently disciplined urban middle school students’ experiences with being labeled as “frequent flyers.”
This study explores how urban adolescents in a small, Northeastern city make meaning of available support services and providers and how they make decisions about when and where to access support.
This study examines the effects of socioeconomic, racial, and linguistic segregation on cognitive and noncognitive skills in American high schools.
Three studies explore how feelings of belonging among White students and stigmatized students of color influence their academic choices, goals, and performance.
Introduction to the issue on race on education.
Drawing from the theories of racial formation theory and race marking, this chapter explores the durability of racial discourses in school curriculum over time in the United States. The authors’ inquiry focuses on racial discourses located in two sources of curricula knowledge: children’s literature and U.S. history textbooks.
This chapter examines the charter school policy and planning network and how this network is helping to grow urban charter schools and related advocacy organizations across the United States.
In light of the current mainstream contention that the United States has entered a post-racial epoch with the election of the first African American president, this work posits that post-racial rhetoric obfuscates the continued racialized experiences of Black families regardless of class status.
This chapter provides a critique of the post-racial discourse that emerged after the election of President Barack Obama as the first African American president of the United States. Using personal narrative, I extend this critique of the post-racial within the context of a multicultural education graduate program.
Despite traditional notions of meritocracy, higher education has a long history of exclusionary practices. This chapter explores connections between such practices and racial ideology in the United States, including the recent concept of “post-racialism.”
Critical race theory has emerged as a powerful critique of color-blind ideology but has failed to adequately explore the colonial history and neocolonial legacies within the claims for a Black citizenship. This article argues for an anticolonial analysis of citizenship based on Carter G. Woodson’s Appeal.
This chapter details how slavery, segregation, and racism impacted the educational experiences of African Americans from the colonial era to the present. It argues that America has yet to be a truly post-slavery and post-segregation society, let alone a post-racial society.
This chapter chronicles the experiences of three friends who journey from being students in teacher education to junior faculty in the field. Using critical race theory as an analytical tool, the three friends highlight the ways in which racism exists and is manifested in three different teacher education programs.
Using Howard Winant’s racial dualism theory, this chapter explains how race was discursively operationalized in the recent U.S. Supreme Court higher education antiracial diversity case Fisher v. University of Texas at Austin.
The purpose of this autoethnography was to examine how school district-level administrators respond to investigations and findings of racism in their districts. We examined administrators’ responses to our requests about their districts’ racialized disciplinary data, and their responses to our sharing of these findings. We describe four technical–rational practices through which school district administrators maintain blindness toward racial inequities and thereby allow racism to continue in their districts.
Perceptions of justice, fairness, and order can influence pro-social behavior, psychological well-being, healthy interpersonal relationships, and educational progress and success for students. It is also known that students’ perceptions of school justice can vary by race, ethnicity, and gender. What remains uncertain is how the fastest-growing segment of the United States, students in immigrant families, perceive the school justice, fairness, and order within their school. This study utilizes data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 and incorporates multilevel analysis to examine how students in immigrant families perceive justice, fairness, and order at their school. Findings do suggest that the students’ perceptions of justice, fairness, and order are indeed moderated by immigrant generation, race, ethnicity, and gender. The implications of the evident racial, ethnic, and gender, as well as generational, disparities in students’ perceptions of justice, fairness, and order in the United States school system are discussed more broadly.
This is a historical study of the formation and role of the Vietnamese student organizations at the University of California, Irvine from 1980 to 1990.