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Teaching >> Working Conditions

Articles
by Yongmei Ni — 2017
This study compares the organizational and professional commitment of teachers in charter schools and traditional public schools and explores how these differences are associated with teacher characteristics, school contextual factors, and working conditions in the two types of schools.

by Spyros Konstantopoulos & Anne Traynor — 2014
The authors employed multilevel and instrumental variables models to examine class size effects on fourth graders’ reading achievement in Greece. The results indicated a positive association between class size and reading achievement, but the association is overall insignificant, especially when classroom and school variables were taken into account.

by Susan Moore Johnson, Matthew Kraft & John Papay — 2012
This article examines how the context of work affects teachers’ job satisfaction, their decisions to remain in their school, and student achievement. The authors found that teachers are more satisfied and plan to stay longer in schools that have a positive work environment, and that students in these schools achieve greater academic growth. Although a wide range of working conditions matter to teachers, social conditions including the school culture, the principal’s leadership, and relationships among colleagues are most important.

by Carolyn Kelley & Kara Finnigan — 2004
In this chapter, we focus on the role that one policy area—teacher compensation—can play in inhibiting or advancing teacher quality through its impact on attracting, retaining, and developing a high-quality teaching force. Because compensation reform is at a nascent stage of development, we rely on a variety of information sources for our review, including empirical research studies examining the role that compensation plays in influencing teacher behaviors, theoretical studies, and case studies of innovative uses of compensation to affect teacher behavior.

by David Mayrowetz & Mark Smylie — 2004
In this chapter, we explore the promise of work redesign for teacher workforce development by examining both the theory of redesign and the research on its effectiveness. After categorizing work redesign along two dimensions—whose work is changed (the individual or the collective) and in what way (reassigned or redefined)—we conclude that initiatives that redefine jobs rather than simply reassigning tasks and that focus on collective rather than individual work should be most effective, especially for promoting teacher performance.

by Anthony Vandarakis — 2004
My name is Anthony G. Vandarakis and I am a twenty-eight-year-old white male, a Chicago Public Schools (CPS) employee, and a graduate of the Golden Apple Teacher Education (GATE) alternative certification program at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). I have been asked to reflect on my experiences throughout the various stages of my teaching career. Much of this reflection depends on the accuracy of my memory, which may be one of my finer qualities but is nonetheless flawed and to a lesser degree tempered.

by Thomas Payzant — 2004
There are obstacles to developing and employing an effective pool of teachers, some that can be reduced or eliminated through effective human resources and district management and others that exist beyond the control of schools and their communities. One point is abundantly clear to everyone in education: the quality of a school is directly connected to and dependent on the instructional skills and commitment of its teachers.

by Ken Winograd — 2003
This is a self-study of an elementary teacher's emotions during the year he took a sabbatical from a position as an education professor.

by Judith Little — 2003
Relatively little research examines the specific interactions and dynamics by which professional community constitutes a resource for teacher learning and innovations in teaching practice. This paper draws on intensive case studies of teacher knowledge, practice, and learning among teachers of mathematics and English in two high schools to take up the problem of how classroom teaching practice comes to be known, shared, and developed among teachers through their out-of-classroom interactions.

by Jeremy Finn, Susan Gerber, Charles Achilles & Jayne Boyd-Zaharias — 2001
Using data from the Tennessee Project STAR, the authors examine the impact of the duration of participation in small classes in grades K-3 on student performance in later grades.

by Susan Moore Johnson & Jonathan Landman — 2000
This study reveals that greater autonomy for teachers is accompanied by expanded roles and responsibilities in deregulated schools.

by Susan Stodolsky & Pamela Grossman — 2000
This article examines individual characteristics and the high school departments of teachers who do or do not adapt instruction for a diverse student body.

by Cynthia Uline — 2000
The author advances an expanded notion of “decent” schools, considering a perspective which balances science with the art of designing, constructing, and renovating schools.

by Andrew Gitlin — 1996
The central thesis of this article is that professionalization projects, such as those endorsed by normal schools and schools of education, contributed to vertical and horizontal divisions of labor by constructing differing views of professionalization, which became associated with and gave institutional support to gendered assumptions about women and teaching in general.

by Joan Talbert, Milbrey McLaughlin & Brian Rowan — 1993
This article argues that the contexts of teaching are more diverse, embedded, and interactive in their effects on teaching practice than is assumed by prior "school effects" research.

by Andy Hargreaves — 1992

by Robert McClure — 1992
Is labeling of teachers' associations indicative of something more than a fad? Does this self-perception of the nation's largest teacher organization relate to the current efforts to renew schools? Does it embrace new ways of thinking about how teachers can play a role in getting schools right for the students presently in them? I will make the case here that there is such a relationship and that this change of perception will impact positively on the improvement of American schools.

by Judith Little — 1990
Teaching has endured largely as an assemblage of entrepreneurial individuals whose autonomy is grounded in norms of privacy and noninterference and is sustained by the very organization of teaching work. This article examines prominent forms of collegiality and discusses their prospects for altering the fundamental conditions of privacy in teaching.

by Samuel Bacharach, Joseph Shedd & Sharon Conley — 1989
Education bargaining in the future is unlikely to be marked by the absence of conflict or by the declining use of power tactics, but by an increased capacity for cooperation and a more sophisticated use of power that is inherent in the structure of educational systems.

by Thomas Popkewitz & Kathryn Lind — 1989
An exploration of the assumptions, implications, and consequences of eight Wisconsin experimental projects concerned with creating career ladders and teacher incentive programs suggests that the reforms resulting from the projects intensify the work of teaching rather than redefine its conditions to make them more intellectually and socially satisfying.

by Arthur Wirth — 1989
This article suggests that the organizational structure of schools contributes to lowered teacher morale and creativity; and concludes that school policymakers must learn the lessons of industry: Give employees a stake in the system by decentralizing decision making.

by Robert Bullough Jr. — 1987
A first-year teacher was observed and interviewed weekly to find out what happens to the beginning teacher as he or she tries to fit into an institutionally prescribed role. Problems encountered and the novice's responses to them are examined to see how these responses relate to the development of expertise.

by Michael Apple — 1987
First asking why schools and teachers should be called on to solve social and economically created structural problems in our society, Apple then raises related economic questions about how minorities and working-class students will pay for additional professional education and whether communities intent on keeping taxes low will maintain a lopsided temporary teacher workforce. He also warns of taking a scientific-technical view of teacher education.

by Linda Darling-Hammond — 1985
This article argues that the most critical issue facing American education today is the professionalization of teaching. Professionalization involves not only the status and compensation accorded to the members of an occupation; it involves the extent to which members of that occupation maintain control over the content of their work and the degree to which society values the work of that occupation.

by Barry Farber — 1984
Teacher burnout has a significant impact on recruitment, retention, and performance of teachers. Basic assumptions, issues, and controversies that have influenced the understanding of teacher burnout are examined.

by Stephen Kerr — 1983
A discussion of the forces leading to teacher specialization

by Barry Farber & Julie Miller — 1981
The causes, conditions, symptoms, and treatment of teacher burnout are discussed. The remediation of teacher burnout requires change strategies that consider psychological and social factors of the educational environment.

by Albert Goldberg & Lisa Harbatkin — 1970
This article, the outcome of a study sponsored by the Center for Urban Education, has to do with the potentially cooperative part to be played by union chapter chairmen in the elementary school. It is based on a questionnaire study of such chairmen and presents the findings with respect to several facets of the chairman-principal relationship in the elementary school.

by William Kilpatrick — 1935
This article discusses the question of the freedom of teaching and study in our American public schools.

by Diana D'Amico — 2014
In the stories of exorbitant costs and incompetence, teacher tenure laws have achieved mythic proportions. Judge Rolf Treu’s tentative decision in Vergara v. California may be the death knell for teacher tenure. But what will change as a result? A look to the past reveals that teacher tenure never really protected teachers and nor was it supposed to. Using history as a lens, this commentary explores the origination of tenure policies and the debates that surrounded them. This commentary argues that embedded in the tenure debates is a much larger problem that should concern us all.

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Resources
  • Teacher Education Quarterly
    Most issues of Teacher Education Quarterly contain both thematic articles that have been solicited by or on behalf of the editor and Editorial Board and refereed articles chosen from among manuscripts submitted to the journal from the field.
  • Education Review
    Education Review (ER) publishes review articles of recently published books in education. ER contains sixteen departments covering the range of educational scholarship, and is intended to promote wider understanding of the latest and best research in the field.
  • Educational Policy
    International in scope and analytical in orientation, Educational Policy provides an interdisciplinary forum for improving education in primary and secondary schools, as well as in higher education and non-school settings.
  • American Journal of Education
    The American Journal of Education is devoted to original inquiries in education, to the evaluation and synthesis of educational scholarship, and to scholarly commentary of educational practice.
  • The Educational Forum
    The Educational Forum presents scholarly inquiries that generate new knowledge and insights on issues of great importance in the improvement of education. It serves as a forum for learned discussion of these issues by presenting ideologically and culturally diverse viewpoints.
  • Elementary School Journal
    The Elementary School Journal publishes original studies, reviews of research, and conceptual analyses for researchers and practitioners interested in elementary schooling.
  • FORUM: for promoting 3-19 comprehensive education
    FORUM has for almost forty years been the pre-eminent focal point in the United Kingdom for topical and informed analysis - very often highly forthright and critical - of all aspects of government policy as it influences the education of children from primary through to higher education.
  • Harvard Educational Review
    The Harvard Educational Review is a journal of opinion and research in the field of education. In addition to discussions and reviews of research and theory, HER welcomes articles that reflect on teaching and practice in educational settings in the United States and abroad.
  • Journal of Classroom Interaction
    The Journal of Classroom Interaction is a semiannual publication devoted to empirical investigations and theoretical papers dealing with observation techniques, research on student and teacher behavior, and other issues relevant to the domain of classroom interaction.
  • Journal of Educational Research
    The Journal of Educational Research publishes manuscripts that describe or synthesize research of direct relevance to educational practice in elementary and secondary schools.
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