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School Experimentation


by Otis W. Caldwell 1931

Directed inquiry and investigations that are planned to satisfy inquiry are characteristics of modern education. The best teachers know that if the pupil really learns he must possess the driving power of a question to be answered, a situation to be met, a problem to be solved, or a degree of mastery to be attained. Under the drive of conscious need, the teacher may teach pertinent facts and principles, and lay the foundation for later attack upon other problems. The best teachers do not wait for emergent situations which call for inquiry, but help to develop the needed problems. It requires a quality of art that is not yet very common for the teacher to discover, rouse, transplant, or develop within the learner the kind of questions, problems, or needs that may serve as the demand for the further processes of education. But the pupil does his own learning only when he is impelled by some sort of question to be answered. In this sense, therefore, the elements of inquiry and research are at the foundation of all education.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 33 Number 2, 1931, p. 127-161
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 7151, Date Accessed: 12/12/2017 4:54:57 PM

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  • Otis Caldwell


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