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The Raising of Intelligence: A Selected History of Attempts to Raise Retarded Intelligence


reviewed by Leonard S. Blackman 1988

coverTitle: The Raising of Intelligence: A Selected History of Attempts to Raise Retarded Intelligence
Author(s): Herman H. Spitz
Publisher: John Wiley, New York
ISBN: 0898598362, Pages: , Year:
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Over the past thirty years, Spitz has steadfastly maintained the position that intelligence is a highly stable trait, the developmental course of which is not easily altered by. either psychological interventions or biological agents of which we are currently aware. While convinced that an adequate environment is a necessary condition for the development of normal intelligence, he argues with equal force that it is not a sufficient condition. In this book, he has reviewed most of the better-known intervention studies designed to raise the intelligence of retarded children and has concluded that the heavy burden of evidence on those who think that intelligence can be permanently altered is still proving, after many premature claims over the past two hundred years, to be an unliftable load. Despite the best efforts of both the sincere and the exploitative, the Excalibur of curing mental retardation remains firmly embedded in the rock of genetic... (preview truncated at 150 words.)


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 89 Number 3, 1988, p. 446-450
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 573, Date Accessed: 10/19/2017 6:02:51 PM

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