Home Articles Reader Opinion Editorial Book Reviews Discussion Writers Guide About TCRecord
transparent 13
Topics
Discussion
Announcements

Horace Mann Studies in Elementary Education: A Comparative Study of Formal Gymnastics and Play for Fourth-Grade Children


by Jesse Feiring Williams, Ruth V. Atkinson & David k. Brace — 1922

Should breathing exercises be used to increase lung capacity? Will children gain in weight more rapidly if they participate in games than if they practice gymnastics? Are grace and skill of movement due to the kind of exercise used? If alertness is a desirable quality for boys and girls, shall we use response-command exercises in physical education, or games? Teachers and directors of physical education, principals and superintendents of schools, and even lay persons are interested in the answers to the above questions. This article is an account of an experiment carried on in the Horace Mann School in which an attempt was made to measure the effects of two different types of physical education,—formal gymnastics and games.


To view the full-text for this article you must be signed-in with the appropropriate membership. Please review your options below:

Sign-in
Email:
Password:
Store a cookie on my computer that will allow me to skip this sign-in in the future.
Send me my password -- I can't remember it
 
Purchase this Article
Purchase Horace Mann Studies in Elementary Education: A Comparative Study of Formal Gymnastics and Play for Fourth-Grade Children
Individual-Resource passes allow you to purchase access to resources one resource at a time. There are no recurring fees.
$12
Become a Member
Online Access
With this membership you receive online access to all of TCRecord's content. The introductory rate of $25 is available for a limited time.
$25
Print and Online Access
With this membership you receive the print journal and free online access to all of TCRecord's content.
$210


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 23 Number 4, 1922, p. 327-360
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 4137, Date Accessed: 10/20/2017 10:18:08 AM

Purchase Reprint Rights for this article or review
Article Tools
Related Articles
There are no related articles to display

Related Discussion
 
Post a Comment | Read All

About the Author
  • Jesse Williams


  • Ruth Atkinson


  • David Brace


Member Center
In Print
This Month's Issue

Submit
EMAIL

Twitter

RSS