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What Does the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) Mean for Early Childhood Education? A History of NCLB’s Impact on Early Childhood Education and Insights for the Future Under ESSA


by Michelle Salazar Pérez — 2018

The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act has had profound and lasting impacts on early childhood education both in the public education sector and in preschool contexts. In light of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), the newest iteration of NCLB, I first trace the history of NCLB’s influence on early childhood, which has resulted in placing greater emphasis on assessments for young children, creating early learning standards, and universalizing corporate notions of quality. I then examine several of the new and modified aspects of ESSA, which encourage alignment of early childhood education with K-12 education and across early childhood programs, increased assessments for emergent bilingual children, and the expansion of early childhood education through market-based reforms. With unprecedented emphasis on young children, ESSA will likely have instrumental impacts on early childhood education for years to come.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 120 Number 13, 2018, p. -
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 22341, Date Accessed: 11/19/2018 10:58:37 AM

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About the Author
  • Michelle Salazar Pérez
    New Mexico State University
    E-mail Author
    MICHELLE SALAZAR PÉREZ is associate professor of early childhood education at New Mexico State University. She uses women of color feminist perspectives to examine dominant constructions of childhood/s, particularly how they influence public policy and subjugate the lived experiences of marginalized people/s and communities. Her work can be found in the Journal of Early Childhood Teacher Education, Global Studies of Childhood, and Review of Research in Education.
 
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