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Local Examination Systems Forms of: Forces Operating Against


by Ellwood P. Cubberley 1906

The various systems in use for certificating teachers in the different states and territories, though differing much in minor details, are nevertheless reducible to a very few type systems. In Massachusetts and Connecticut we find the town system of local certification. In all the other states and territories, a few distinctive local systems in part excepted, the various systems are reducible to one of three type plans. In the first plan the power of certification is vested almost entirely in the county authorities. In the second plan the power is vested almost entirely in the state authorities, the county superintendent merely performing certain clerical duties in connection with the giving of the examinations and the transmitting of the papers. In the third plan the two systems exist side by side, and two forms of certification, the two often overlapping, are provided for by the state.


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This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 5, No. 2.


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 7 Number 7, 1906, p. 12-26
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 21139, Date Accessed: 10/24/2017 12:19:25 AM

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