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The 1980s: States Assume Educational Leadership


by Calvin M. Frazier 1987

Early in the century, it was not difficult to identify the locus of the power driving educational decision making. The control rested in approximately 127,000 school districts and 423,000 school board members. State departments of education were slowly adding staff members but still a number of states had few personnel beyond the state commissioner or superintendent of public instruction.


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This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 86, No. 1.


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 88 Number 5, 1987, p. 99-117
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 18987, Date Accessed: 10/19/2017 11:23:22 PM

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About the Author
  • Calvin Frazier
    University of Denver
    E-mail Author
    CALVIN M. FRAZIER is the director of school administration preparation programs at the University of Denver.
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