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Rethinking the Urban School Superintendency: Nontraditional Leaders and New Models of Leadership


by Joseph M. Cronin & Michael D. Usdan 2003

Major cities in the United States, unhappy with persistent achievement gaps between students of different races and socioeconomic backgrounds, now search for highly effective medicine men who will upgrade urban school productivity. These efforts stand in stark contrast to the first two hundred years of the Republic, when villages relied on local ministers, elders, or farmers with extra time in the winter to visit the schools, many of which operated for only a few months of the year.


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This article originally appeared as NSSE Yearbook Vol 102. No. 1.


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 105 Number 10, 2003, p. 177-195
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 18662, Date Accessed: 9/22/2017 9:35:12 AM

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About the Author
  • Joseph Cronin
    Nellie Mae Educational Foundation
    E-mail Author
    JOSEPH M. CRONIN is a Senior Fellow at the Nellie Mae Educational Foundation.
  • Michael Usdan
    Institute for Educational Leadership
    E-mail Author
    MICHAEL D. USDAN is a Senior Fellow at the Institute for Educational Leadership.
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