Home Articles Reader Opinion Editorial Book Reviews Discussion Writers Guide About TCRecord
transparent 13
Topics
Discussion
Announcements

Are Community Colleges an Alternative Path for Hispanic Students to Attain a Bachelor’s Degree?


by Tatiana Melguizo — 2009

Background/Context: This study contributes to the longstanding debate over whether community colleges democratize education or divert students from attaining a bachelor’s degree.

Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: The objective of this study is to determine whether Hispanic students have a lower chance of earning a bachelor’s degree (B.A.) if they transfer from a community college.

Population/Participants/Subjects: This study uses the High School and Beyond Sophomore sample (HS&B/So) high school senior class of 1982 and the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88/2000) high school senior class of 1992 to compare the progress of two samples of “traditional” Hispanic transfer and Hispanic “rising junior” students. The final sample is composed of 220 students from the high school senior class of 1982 and 140 students from the high school senior class of 1992.

Research Design: Regression analysis is used to identify the effect of being a transfer student on B.A. attainment, after controlling for individual characteristics and institutional characteristics of the community college. Simulation analysis is used to identify the factors that affected B.A. attainment in the 1980s, which are used to predict B.A. rates a decade later.

Findings/Results: The results show that the negative impact of being a transfer student in the 1980s had disappeared within a decade. The results suggest that the relatively lower attainment rate of Hispanic transfer students is the result of individual characteristics and lack of academic preparation rather than institutional characteristics.

Conclusions/Recommendations: Although community colleges have the potential to be an alternative path toward a B.A., until transfer rates increase, Hispanics may be better off beginning their college education at a 4-year institution.



To view the full-text for this article you must be signed-in with the appropropriate membership. Please review your options below:

Sign-in
Email:
Password:
Store a cookie on my computer that will allow me to skip this sign-in in the future.
Send me my password -- I can't remember it
 
Purchase this Article
Purchase Are Community Colleges an Alternative Path for Hispanic Students to Attain a Bachelor’s Degree?
Individual-Resource passes allow you to purchase access to resources one resource at a time. There are no recurring fees.
$12
Become a Member
Online Access
With this membership you receive online access to all of TCRecord's content. The introductory rate of $25 is available for a limited time.
$25
Print and Online Access
With this membership you receive the print journal and free online access to all of TCRecord's content.
$210


Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 111 Number 1, 2009, p. 90-123
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 15201, Date Accessed: 10/20/2017 2:06:22 PM

Purchase Reprint Rights for this article or review
Article Tools
Related Articles

Related Discussion
 
Post a Comment | Read All

About the Author
  • Tatiana Melguizo
    University of Southern California
    E-mail Author
    TATIANA MELGUIZO is an assistant professor at the University of Southern California in the Rossier School of Education. She received a Ph.D. in the Economics of Education from Stanford University and an M.A. in Social Policy from the London School of Economics. She uses quantitative methods of analysis and large-scale longitudinal survey data to study the impact of institutional characteristics as well as public policies on the persistence and educational outcomes of minority (African American and Hispanic) and low-income students. Her work has been published in The Journal of Higher Education and Research in Higher Education.
Member Center
In Print
This Month's Issue

Submit
EMAIL

Twitter

RSS