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by Josef Chalasinski 1935

Prior to the restoration of the Polish Republic in 1918 there were a few Polish teachers' associations in the parts of Poland occupied by Austria and Russia, Although the oppression of Polish national life under the rule of these countries in some periods was not so pitiless as in the formerly Prussian part of Poland, nevertheless Polish schools and teachers led a very precarious life and labored under the worst possible conditions.

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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 1 Number 1, 1935, p. 405-426
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 14951, Date Accessed: 8/19/2018 12:05:32 AM

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About the Author
  • Josef Chalasinski
    University of Poznan, Poznan
    Docent in Sociology
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