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Parental Goals: A Cross-Cultural View


by Robert A. Levine 1974

The point of this article is that cultural evolution within human populations produces standardized strategies of survival for infants and children, strategies reflecting environmental pressures from a more recent past encoded in customs rather than in genes and transmitted socially rather than biologically.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 76 Number 2, 1974, p. 226-239
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 1348, Date Accessed: 5/24/2017 5:36:40 PM

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About the Author
  • Robert Levine
    University of Chicago
    Robert A. LeVine, professor of human development and anthropology at the University of Chicago, is author of Culture, Behavior and Personality, published by Aldine Publishing Company last year. An earlier version of this article will appear as a chapter in Infancy and Culture, edited by P.H. Leiderman and S. Tulkin, to be published by Stanford University Press. It was written while the author was recipient of a Research Scientist Award from the National Institute of Mental Health. The ideas were developed during 1971-72 when he was a Fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences. Field research among the Gusii during 1955-57 was supported by a Ford Foundation fellowship, among the Hausa during 1969 by grants from the Carnegie Corporation to the Child Development Research Unit, Ahmadu Bella University, Zaria, Nigeria, and from the United States Office of Education to the Early Education Research Center, University of Chicago.
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