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Elementary School Curriculum. First Year: Seat Work


by Edith C. Barnum 1906

In some of the work of the first grade it is necessary to divide the class into two groups. While one group of children is reciting, the other is occupied with work at their seats. The aim of this seat work is not merely to keep the children occupied, but to help them to work independently, to teach them how to work neatly and accurately, to develop consideration for and courtesy toward others, and to supplement the work of the recitation so that the facts presented there may become more firmly fixed in the child's mind. At first it is necessary for the teacher or her assistant to direct the seat work, but later the children assume the entire responsibility. If materials are needed, children are chosen to get them and to distribute them. New subjects are not introduced here, as it is not possible to take the time to explain how such work should be done. Variations of familiar work are introduced, so that it will not become routine, and the children 'are encouraged to exercise originality and independence in method and performance. Exercises are repeated until the pupils have gained enough power to secure results which give satisfaction and encouragement. As the child succeeds in accomplishing the work that is given him, he becomes more and more self-reliant and works more independently.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 7 Number 1, 1906, p. 111-113
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 11596, Date Accessed: 10/23/2017 9:39:53 AM

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  • Edith Barnum


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