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Studies in Elementary School Practice: Cliff Dwellers and City Dwellers in the Third Grade


by Frederick G. Bonser & Roxana Steele 1911

Our sequence in history work, as arranged at present, includes a study of the Cliff Dwellers as one unit in the early part of the third grade course of study. In the second grade, the study of the tree dwellers, the cave men, and the Indians of the plains made an excellent basis for the work. The life and customs of these more primitive people were rapidly surveyed and the Cliff Dwellers were introduced as the Indians of the Southwest who lived better and had progressed further than the Indians of the plains. The term Cliff Dwellers, although not as comprehensive, was preferable to Pueblos because the children's literature was about those particular tribes whose homes were on the cliffs. Later in the work, the term Pueblos, which means villages, was used and its meaning appreciated. The children were given an opportunity to tell what they knew about the Cliff Dwellers. The item of most general interest was: "The Indian bowl in the children's library downstairs was made by a Cliff Dweller."


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 12 Number 1, 1911, p. 45-50
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 10097, Date Accessed: 12/16/2017 11:29:00 PM

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  • Frederick Bonser


  • Roxana Steele


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