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The Educational Theories of Herbart and Froebel: II. The Rousseau and the Problem of Civilization in the Eighteenth Century


by Patty Smith Hill 1905

II ROUSSEAU AND THE PROBLEM OF CIVILIZATION IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY 1. The dominant tendencies of the intellectual life of the eighteenth century may be indicated as follows: (a) A movement towards the emancipation of human thought and activity, and the liberation of man from the influence of past dogmas and traditions. The psychology of the 'Enlightenment' contained two fundamental propositions, borrowed from Leibnitz (while omitting the deeper implications of his doctrine): (i) ideas are the constituents of the mental life, and (2) the fundamental difference in mental life is the difference between dark and clear ideas. The 'Enlightenment' of the understanding became the watchword, and to the test of the ' understanding' every belief, institution, creed, must submit or be rejected.


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Cite This Article as: Teachers College Record Volume 6 Number 4, 1905, p. 6-12
http://www.tcrecord.org ID Number: 9837, Date Accessed: 10/24/2017 5:35:32 AM

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